Changes in the IT world are happening fast - therefore a migration will most likely happen in your organization. Because of this IT departments planning for migration projects should first thoroughly test the deployment and then roll-out to the business units.
With any migration there will be challenges that companies may face:
Putting a migration plan together. Prior to the actual migration, IT administrators first have to create and evaluate a plan. It's best not to deviate from the plan once its in place because you risk not accomplishing the stated goals. Proper tools/applications will have to be used to make hardware and software inventories to be able to determine are ready for the new version and which have to be replaced or upgraded.
Building the standard image and testing the deployment process. After the discovery stage is finished, IT managers should have a complete software catalog that consists of a record of all apps in the company together with application owners, how important the application is to the business unit and if it’s compatible or not with the new operating system. Based on this administrators will decide if the software is included in the standard image or if it’s upgraded, patched, replaced or retired. The focus now shifts on testing the roll-out process. IT managers will need to identify a small group of users and machines that will be migrated. It's usually best that this test group is from the IT department because they will have to provide feedback to the project team. Once this step is successful, the pilot stage comes to an end and the full migration roll-out can begin.
Workshops and training materials. Training users to familiarize them with the changes in the new environment is a mandatory step in any migration. IT administrators must make use of all relevant training materials that can be delivered through a wide variety of mechanisms such as lunch and learns, departmental training, eLearning, banners and posters or live demos. No matter what training method is used in the company it will not only make users feel more familiar with the environment, but they will also work more efficiently and increase productivity.
When dealing with a migration project organizations should not underestimate the size and complexity of the project and the impact that will be felt by the business during the migration. However, with thorough planning you can will save budget and time plus minimize the disruption to users and the business.