Most Trending Tech Stacks for Web Development Fitting Your Needs
Technology stacks catch all eyes when it comes to developing a programming project. See what are the most trending tech stacks for web development.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
Millions of business enterprises are competing to set a foothold in the competitive market. As technology trends are changing fast, businesses look at the mobile and web application sectors to reach their audience and serve them. Technological advances and the availability of app development tools and technologies propel organizations to pick the best one as per their changing needs. Broadly speaking, the tech stack is the mechanism that makes your website or web app run smoothly. Hence, technology stacks catch all eyes when it comes to developing a programming project. Moreover, it isn't easy to pick up the right tech stack for newer web projects.
Technology Stack Trends
A 2020 survey on the usage of libraries, frameworks, and tools among software developers globally by Statista, a data research company, shows that Node.js is the first choice of 51.4 percent of respondents. .NET, .Net Core, and Pandas are preferred by 35.1 percent, 26.7%, and 15.5% developers respectively. The survey also exhibits the usage growth of newer technologies like data analysis and machine learning.
Top Stacks for Software Development in 2020
A technology stack refers to the to-be-used frontend, backend, and database. Both frontend and backend can be divided into language and framework components. The backend is for server-side communication, and the frontend is the consumer's side of the software. Let's discuss some popular tech stacks that can be a part of your upcoming web and app development project.
- Companies using MEAN stack: Accenture, Fiverr, Onkore Inc., Raindrop.io, Sisense, UNIQLO, and Vungle.
- MEAN Pros: Cost-effective, switches between client and server quickly, excellent for real-time web apps, highly flexible, open-source, and time-saving.
- MEAN Cons: Lack of widespread support and security exploits.
The MERN stack consists of MongoDB, Express, React, and Node. It is almost identical to MEAN. It exchanges Angular with React. The best features of this stack are the integration of React, robust library, and the ability to use code on browsers and servers concurrently. With full-stack development (backend and frontend) possibilities, MERN is the 2nd most popular web technology stack. The MERN technology stack is open-source, and it has an extensive suite of testing tools.
- Companies using MERN: Facebook, Instagram, Forbes, Tumblr, and startups
- MERN pros: Cost-effective, easily switch between client and server, open-source, UI rendering, and performance
- MERN cons: Lower productivity and not a fit for big-scale apps
Like MEAN and MERN, the MEVN stack is a newer technology used for frontend development. It consists of MongoDB, Express, Vue.js, and Node. It has Vue.JS as an open-source framework that developers use to build user interfaces. Vue is fast and easy to learn.
- Companies using MEVN stack: Grammarly, 9GAG, Gitlab, Behance, Wizzair.
- MEVN Cons: Lack of support from a larger community and lack of plugins
When it comes to having time-tested web development stacks, the LAMP stack matters the most. It comprises Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP. LAMP is an old classic industry standard that is open-source and free to use.
Linux (Operating System), Apache (HTTP server), MySQL (Relational Database Management), and PHP (Programming Language) stack are superb for web development. It runs on all operating systems efficiently and makes a website performing, flexible and cost-efficient. Developers prefer the LAMP stack for its simplicity, stability, and power. This platform is still famous for customized web and app development in 2021.
- Companies using LAMP stack: WordPress, Facebook, Wikipedia, Tumblr, and Slack
- LAMP Pros: Dynamic, entirely open source, reliable, and easier digital documentation access to users
- LAMP Cons: Performance issues on high-traffic sites and challenging to make all components work together
Serverless Technology Stack is the first choice of all startups, SMEs, and big billion enterprises due to its ability to handle scalability issues. It makes cloud infrastructure management when it comes to developing apps on the Cloud. Serverless computing platforms are cost-effective for end-users with the "pay as you use" feature. The enterprise gets charged only when their apps run on the server. Google App Engine was the first abstract platform for serverless computing. AWS Lambda from AWS is the best example of a serverless stack.
- Companies using Serverless stack: Netflix, Zalora, Coca-Cola, Codepen, and Nordstrom
- Serverless stack pros: Lower costs, enhanced scalability, fewer things to worry about, and emphasis on user experience
- Serverless stack cons: Vendor lock-in, complex, and not suitable for long-term assignments
Ruby on Rails
Ruby on Rails (RoR) or Rails is a developer-responsive web development stack. This open-source and object-oriented stack is ideal for developing lightweight apps and completing projects fast. It helps developers increase flexibility. It is simply one of the top technology stacks with 45,000+ GitHub stars. Created by David Heinemeier Hansson, the RoR surprises all with CoC (Convention over Configuration) and DRY (Don't repeat yourself) features.
- Companies using Rails stack: Airbnb, Bloomberg, GitHub, Fiverr, Yellow Pages, Shopify, and Twitter.
- Rails stack pros: Time-efficient, huge community, libraries, helping tools, and strong standards
- Rails stack cons: Flexibility shortage, performance, and continuous evolvement.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.