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Mutually Odd Functions

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The floor of a real number x is the largest integer n ≤ x, written ⌊x⌋.

The ceiling of a real number x is the smallest integer n ≥ x, written ⌈x⌉.

The floor and ceiling have the following symmetric relationship:

⌊-x⌋ = -⌈x
⌈-x⌉ = -⌊x

The floor and ceiling functions are not odd, but as a pair they satisfy a generalized parity condition:

f(-x) = -g(x)
g(-x) = -f(x)

If the functions f and g are equal, then each is an odd function. But in general f and g could be different, as with floor and ceiling.

Is there an established name for this sort of relation? I thought of “mutually odd” because it reminds me of mutual recursion.

Can you think of other examples of mutually odd functions?

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Published at DZone with permission of John Cook, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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