MySQL 5.6 surely changes the game when it comes to security versus ease of use. Before MySQL 5.6, the default MySQL installation would be pretty insecure – the user “root” would be created with no password as well as an anonymous user with limited access to the local host (though still enough to allow DOS attacks or to crash MySQL Server).
There were some exceptions to this rule. For instance, the Debian/Ubuntu install scripts would interactively suggest that you set a password for the root user if it was not set. Still, most users would get a MySQL install with a root account and no password.
This is not the case with MySQL 5.6 when you’re doing a fresh MySQL install! Installing the official RPM on CentOS6 I’m getting this:
A RANDOM PASSWORD HAS BEEN SET FOR THE MySQL root USER ! You will find that password in '/root/.mysql_secret'. You must change that password on your first connect, no other statement but 'SET PASSWORD' will be accepted. See the manual for the semantics of the 'password expired' flag. Also, the account for the anonymous user has been removed. In addition, you can run: /usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation which will also give you the option of removing the test database. This is strongly recommended for production servers.
So, we’re getting a random password for the root account by default instead
of an empty one. Furthermore, it is not stored in the root directory my.cnf
but in a separate .mysql_secret file, so you need to enter it
explicitly to connect to the server for a first time – and this is for
good reason since this is a temporary password only. You can’t really use
MySQL Server until you change it:
[root@centos6 ~]# mysql -u root -p8AkXyPUs Warning: Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure. Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g. Your MySQL connection id is 3 Server version: 5.6.13 Copyright (c) 2000, 2013, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners. Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement. mysql> show processlist -> ; ERROR 1820 (HY000): You must SET PASSWORD before executing this statement
As Such, MySQL will refuse any statements -- even ones that do not allow any database contents access until you change the password with the SET PASSWORD command.
If you’re looking to keep a password, you can run:
mysql> set password=password('MySecurePassword'); Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
You also have an option to go back to the old behavior and remove the password for the account (this is what I do on MySQL running on VirtualBox on my laptop since I keep it for testing only).
mysql> set password=''; Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
So, at least with the RPM install, MySQL 5.6 is getting more secure, but adding a little more effort after installation is worthwhile. I hope this change will make things more secure and will not discourage a lot of users by complicating the install process.