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Navigating XML using Cypher

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Navigating XML using Cypher

Learn more about the Cypher graph, a way to manipulate Neo4j databases--and a way of navigating XML using this tool.

· Database Zone ·
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Cypher is a neat way to manipulate a Neo4j database. It would be equally amazing if the Xml graph could be queried with Cypher as well.

Honestly, I must put credits to Michael for suggesting such a possibility here..

Well, let’s start with a simple xml file.

<library>
<author firstname="Earnest" lastname="Hemingway">
<works>
<book name="A Farewell to Arms" year="1929" />
<book name="For Whom the bell tolls" year="1940" />
<book name="The Old man and the sea" year="1951" />
</works>
<awards>
<award name = "Pulitzer Prize" category="Fiction" year="1953"></award>
<award name = "Nobel Prize" category="Literature" year="1954"></award>
</awards>
</author>
<author firstname="Victor" lastname="Hugo">
<works>
<book name="The Hunchback of Notre-Dame" year="1831" />
<book name="Les Misérables" year="1862" />
</works>
</author>
</library>

It’s a simple xml with nothing fancy in it. As explained in the previous posts here and here.. A neat neo4j graph can be made out of this…

Screenshot from 2014-07-22 21:16:46

So, let’s go about traversing this graph using Cypher.. And since we are trying to traverse an XML, let’s make a rough comparison to XPath.

Let’s fetch all the book nodes,

The Xpath to get all the book nodes, no matter where they are in the document, is

//book

For the same purpose, the Cypher query would be,

MATCH (books:book) RETURN books

This will fetch the following output for the above Graph,


bookNodes

Let’s now try to fetch the name of all books. The XPath will require only a slight modification,

//book/@name

The XPath will return the list as,

Attribute='name="A Farewell to Arms"'
Attribute='name="For Whom the bell tolls"'
Attribute='name="The Old man and the sea"'
Attribute='name="The Hunchback of Notre-Dame"'
Attribute='name="Les Misérables"'

The Cypher will only require a small modification. Instead of returning the entire node, fetch the ‘name’ attribute for the nodes.

MATCH (books:book) RETURN books.name


bookNameNext up, let’s query the awards honoured to Earnest Hemingway,

This can be achieved via XPath as,

//author[@firstname='Earnest']/awards

which gives the output

<awards>
 <awardname="Pulitzer Prize"category="Fiction"year="1953"/>
 <awardname="Nobel Prize"category="Literature"year="1954"/>
</awards>

As for Cypher,

MATCH (author {firstname: “Earnest”})-[*]->(award:award) RETURN award

We try to fetch any node of the type ‘award’ connected to a node of type ‘author’ withfirstname = Earnest

awards

Compliant Database DevOps and the role of DevSecOps DevOps is becoming the new normal in application development, and DevSecOps is now entering the picture. By balancing the desire to release code faster with the need for the same code to be secure, it addresses increasing demands for data privacy. But what about the database? How can databases be included in both DevOps and DevSecOps? What additional measures should be considered to achieve truly compliant database DevOps? This whitepaper provides a valuable insight. Get the whitepaper

Topics:
sql ,nosql ,database ,graph ,neo4j ,cypher

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