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Node.js vs. Python

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Node.js vs. Python

Confused between Node.js vs. Python? Refer to this blog that clears your doubts and help you choose one technology for your project.

· Web Dev Zone ·
Free Resource

In recent times, both Node.js and Python have gained huge popularity in the market due to their extensive range of features and functionalities. Both technologies are highly preferred when it comes to developing the backend of the web application. 

As we all know that every single project has its own requirements, specifications, and demands; therefore, it is imperative to select the right programming language to code. Herein we are going to discuss both these technologies in-detail and come-up with the conclusion which one to choose for your project. 

Shall we start?

Before we start differentiating both these technologies, let’s make ourselves aware of the basics of Node.js and Python. 

What is Node.js?

In a simple and easy language, Node.js is a server-side platform that is developed on Google Chrome’s JavaScript Engine that is known as the V8 Engine. Developed by Ryan Dahl in 2009, Node.js is an open source server environment that mainly runs on different platforms like Windows, Linus, Unix, Mac OS X, and more. 

Using Node.js, the developers can use JavaScript to write command-line tools and for server-side scripting. Considered as the go-to-technology for building applications like gaming platforms, forums, and Ad services. It is a good option for all those projects that have simultaneous connections or applications with high-speed and intense I/O (input/output), and some other apps like productivity applications. 

Now, you might have got the basic information about Node.js and apps that can be developed using it. Right? Moving ahead, let’s check out and comprehend what is Python and which apps can be developed using it. 

What is Python?

Python is an open-source object-oriented programming language that has dynamic semantics. Being a high-level language, it is developed in data, structures, dynamic typing, and dynamic binding that allows developers to develop advanced applications and use it for scripting or glue language to connect with available components. 

It is a simple and easy-to-learn language, and its syntax is mainly focusing on readability in order to decrease the cost of program maintenance. Supporting modules and packages, Python supports program modularity and code reusing. Using this advanced technology-based language, developers can build business applications, education platforms, desktop user interfaces, gaming, and entertainment apps like Netflix.

So, this is the basic information about Python programming language and apps that can be developed using it. Now, we will compare both the languages and suggest one for your project. Ready to start with the comparison?

Node.js vs. Python: A Detailed Comparison 

1. Flexibility and Scalability

When choosing one option between Node.js and Python, it is much important that you consider its flexibility and scalability. As we all know that flexibility and scalability are considered as the abilities of an application that perform a different number of requests without compromising the performance and speed of the app. 

When it comes to developing heavy content-based applications and apps that have various users, both these things (flexibility and scalability) play an essential role. 

Node.js

  • In Node.js, the developers can easily achieve the scalability while developing the web application or any other type of application because this technology is popular for developing synchronous architecture in one single thread. 

  • As mentioned earlier, Node.js is interpreted with the V8 engine, so the performance of it is outstanding, enabling developers to be as flexible as they want when developing an application.

  • The best thing about this technology is that it has enabled single module caching, decreasing the loading time of the application and making it more responsive than before.

Python

  • Both the technologies, including Python and JavaScript are known as interpreted languages; therefore, they are quite slow compared to the compiled languages like Java. In this case, Python lost the game against Node.js.

  • Another point that makes Python behind Node.js is that it doesn’t support the asynchronous architecture, so it is quite less scalable than Node.js.

Bottom line: The bottom line is that Python is behind Node.js in terms of scalability and flexibility, so Node.js wins this point when it comes to Node.js development.

2. Libraries

As you know that libraries are collections of different functions, methods, and tricks that allow users to perform different actions without writing extra lines of codes. Using libraries, developers can save some time and effort while coding.

Node.js

  • Instead of libraries, Node.js has different modules and packages that are managed in NPM, the Node Package Manager. NPM is the best option that is well documented and quick for working with.

Python

  • Talking about Python libraries and packers, they are managed in Pip that stands for Python Package Index that is quite easier and smoother for software developers to learn and use. Each library in Python comes with a range of useful modules that you can import for your everyday programming. 

Bottom Line: Both Node.js and Python stand equal for this point as both have their own libraries and modules to offer and allow developers to save time while developing.  

3. Suitability For Projects

Every company has its own projects and requirements, so it is a must to choose the right technology that helps to make the project successful in a short span of time. 

Node.js

  • Node.js is the best option when it comes to developing gaming platforms, high-content-based applications, complex single-page apps, real-time chats, collaboration tools like Trello, and streaming applications. Small scale companies and startups can easily utilize Node.js technology to build websites and web applications.

Python

  • Python is suitable for various projects like numerical computations, network programming, and web applications. Successful companies like Reddit, Netflix, Instagram, Google, Facebook, and IBM are heavily dependent on Python language.

  • Using Python language, you can create a complex calculator for Bitcoin, mine Twitter data, build a microblog, bottle up a twitter feed, and a lot of more.

Bottom Line: Depending on your project requirements and business type, you can choose any of these technologies for your project. So, analyze your project needs, and then choose the right technology. 

Conclusion

In this blog post, we compared both Node.js and Python technologies and discussed how these technologies are best for projects. On a concluding note, as per your project requirements and business type, you can end-up selecting any of these technologies and begin developing your own project.

Do you have any suggestions or points to discuss? Don’t worry, you can leave your comments or feedback in the comment section and I will get back with the right reply soon. In any case, if you want to talk to any web app developers for Node web development, then ensure that you contact the experienced one who has already handled projects and make them successful.

Topics:
comparison, flexibillity, language comparison, libraries, node.js, python

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