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Performing Integration Tests on REST Services

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Performing Integration Tests on REST Services

Look at performing integration tests on REST services using mock server and expectations for Spring Boot applications.

· Integration Zone ·
Free Resource

Basics of Testing and Types

There are three basic layers of testing:

  • Unit test — making sure each function/unit of code works as expected
  • Functional test — making sure units interact with each other as expected
  • Integration test — making sure our app integrate with other app/api/services as expected

Mock server helps with all layers of tests, although it is particularly useful for functional and integration.

Mock Server can be used for mocking any system you integrate with via HTTP or HTTPS (i.e. services, websites, etc).

When Mock Server receives a request, it matches the request against active expectations that have been configured.

An expectation defines the action that is taken, for example, a response could be returned.

MockServer supports the following actions:

MockServer allows you to mock any server or service that you connect to over HTTP or HTTPS, such as a REST or RPC service.

This is useful in the following scenarios:

  • Testing
    • Easily recreate all types of responses for HTTP dependencies such as REST or RPC services to test applications easily and effectively.
    • Easily setup mock responses independently for each test to ensure test data is encapsulated with each test. Avoid sharing data between tests that are difficult to manage and maintain and risks tests infecting each other
    • Create test assertions that verify the requests the system-under-test has sent

Mocking Dependencies and Verifying Request

A system with service dependencies, as follows:

System In Production

MockServer could be used to mock the service dependencies, as follows:

Mocking service dependencies with MockServer

We will demonstrate this architecture by the following approach.

  1. Simple CRUD Spring Boot application.
  2. An Consumer Service to using the above application.

We will create expectations class and methods in the consumer service to mock the requests and responses that we need from the CRUD Spring Boot application.

Technical Specs:

  • Spring boot app
  • Java 8
  • H2
  • Mock Server
  • Junits

Implementations

In the CRUD application, we have 2 endpoints for "Add a Product" and "Get the Product Details."

Sample Add Product JSON:

{
“productName”: “Test1”,
“productType”: “Test1”
}

Sample GET Products JSON:

[{
“productId”: “1”,
“productName”: “Test”,
“productType”: “Test”,
“port”: 8000,
“links”: [{
“rel”: “self”,
“href”: “http://localhost:8000/db/getproduct/1”
}]},{
“productId”: “2”,
“productName”: “Test1”,
“productType”: “Test1”,
“port”: 8000,
“links”: [{
“rel”: “self”,
“href”: “http://localhost:8000/db/getproduct/2”
}]}]

In the "Consumer Service," we have the following simple REST Template Invocation for adding and getting products.

Getting Product Details

productsObject = (Object) restTemplate
.exchange(builder.toUriString(), HttpMethod.GET, httpEntity, String.class).getBody();


Adding Product

HttpEntity<String> entity = new HttpEntity<String>(gson.toJson(product), headers);

restTemplate.exchange(builder.toUriString(), HttpMethod.POST, entity, String.class);



The above implementations are enough to consume the endpoints of the CRUD applications to suit our requirements.

MOCK Server Usage and Unit Tests:

The main benefit is that the mock server is operated and maintained for the benefit of the development team, so you can make it as simple or as complex as you need it to.

We need to implement the following in the Consumer Service to mock the request/responses


Adding Maven Dependencies

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.mockito/mockito-all -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.mockito</groupId>
<artifactId>mockito-all</artifactId>
<version>1.9.5</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.mock-server</groupId>
<artifactId>mockserver-netty</artifactId>
<version>3.10.7</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
<groupId>junit</groupId>
<artifactId>junit</artifactId>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>





We need to add the above dependencies in the Maven POM to use the API's of Mock Server.


Initializing Mock Server

Capture

We can externalize the PORT number and other URL details and inject them while executing the test suites.

Creating Expectations

We need to add the following code in the Static Methods of Setup JUNIT Class for adding and getting products

Capture

The above code helps to set the mock server specifications and also helps to understand what consumers should expect in case of integration tests.

Implementing Test Cases

Capture

In the above way, we can bypass the REST calls to be CRUD applications and do the integration tests in the consumer service.

Github Repository for the codes:

https://github.com/aritnag/mockserver-springboot-examples

Summary

We have learned:

  • Why, What, How of mock server
  • Integrating Junits with Mock Server
  • Spring Boot Test Cases with Rest Template
Topics:
spring boot ,java ,junit 4 ,mock services ,rest testing ,integration testing ,integration ,tutorial

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