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PhoneGap Sample - Shake to Roll

· Web Dev Zone

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Sorry for being so quiet lately. I've got three presentations this week and two brand new ones in two weeks. Mentally - it has been killing me. As with all things - it will pass. (And I think I'm building some good new presentations as well!) In the meantime, I thought I'd share a simple PhoneGap application I built for my four hour lab in Ohio a few days back.

The idea behind the application was to demonstrate the Accelerometer API. This returns movement information along three different axis.

By itself, the API is easy enough to use. What I was having difficulty with was coming up with a practical example of it. I thought I'd create a simple application that mimicked rolling a die. I'd start off by selecting a random number between one and six. I'd display this on the screen like so.

(What you're seeing here is the Ripple emulator. I plan on talking about this in a few days.)

The code for picking and displaying a random number was trivial.

function shuffleNumber() {
  var newNum = getRandomInt(1,6);
	document.querySelector("#die").innerHTML = newNum;

function getRandomInt(min, max) {
  return Math.floor(Math.random() * (max - min + 1)) + min;

What was more difficult was figuring out how to respond to a shake. I mean, seriously, what is a shake, in code terms?

I did some Googling and discovered that most people simply tracked the X/Y/Z values and then compared them to historical values. I came up with this solution (which is based on what I saw so this isn't some brilliant discovery of mine).

var lastX,lastY,lastZ;
var moveCounter = 0;

function onDeviceReady() {
	navigator.accelerometer.watchAcceleration(gotMovement, errHandler,{frequency:200});	

function gotMovement(a) {
	if(!lastX) {
		lastX = a.x;
		lastY = a.y;
		lastZ = a.z;

	var deltaX, deltaY, deltaZ;
	deltaX = Math.abs(a.x-lastX);
	deltaY = Math.abs(a.y-lastY);
	deltaZ = Math.abs(a.z-lastZ);

	if(deltaX + deltaY + deltaZ > 3) {
	} else {
		moveCounter = Math.max(0, --moveCounter);

	if(deltaX !=0 || deltaY != 0 || deltaZ != 0) console.log(deltaX,deltaY,deltaZ,moveCounter);

	if(moveCounter > 1) { shuffleNumber(); moveCounter=0; }

	lastX = a.x;
	lastY = a.y;
	lastZ = a.z;


I then used the Ripple emulator to test, and slowly tweaked the numbers until it "felt" right to me. You can see the result below.

For the full source code (there really isn't much to it), you can see the code in the GitHub repo for the presentation: DevelopingMobileAppsWithPhoneGap/tree/master/labs/6_accelerometer

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Published at DZone with permission of Raymond Camden , DZone MVB .

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