PHP or Node.js? Which Is Better and Why?
PHP vs Node.js — Select the best fit for website development projects and look at their pros and cons while using them in web development.
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Web development is a continuously changing field. There is always something new coming up with the great efforts of programmers and developers. They try to bring up a solution that is unique and long-lasting as well as a mature solution.
PHP and Node.js are efficient enough to manage any complexity, they have different architectures.
Let's discuss these environments closely and see how they are different from each other.
What Is Node.js?
- Generation of dynamic page content
- Can create, open, read, write, delete, and close files on the servers.
- Collection of data
- Can add, delete, and modify data in the database.
What Is PHP?
PHP is a server scripting language that is a powerful tool, it helps in making dynamic and interactive web pages. It is widely-used, free, and one of the efficient alternatives to other competitors like Microsoft’s ASP. It is an acronym for “Hypertext Preprocessor”. The scripts are executed on the server. It is free to download and use. PHP can perform various functionalities like
- Generation of Dynamic page content.
- Can create, open, read, write, delete, and close files on the server.
- Can send and receive cookies.
- Can be used in controlling user access.
- Can encrypt data
Both PHP and Node.js are very popular web development solutions. Both of them have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.
Node.js comes with a set of protocols, rules, and guidelines, which helps in the creative development of the applications. Node.js doesn’t apply strict conventions, it allows the developers to select the best architecture, variable design pattern, and different features for the next project. Thus, it is very flexible and can be used easily.
2. Fast Server-Side Solution
3. Offers Easy Scalability
It is very easy to scale, either horizontally or vertically. The applications can also be scaled by adding nodes to the existing system. Node.js offers the option of adding single nodes during vertical scaling.
1. API Is Unstable
One of the key problems that developers seek is that API keeps on changing at regular intervals, hence it is not stable. Even a new API is introduced which has backward-incompatible changes.
2. The Programming Model Is Asynchronous
If you want improvement in the applications and make them more scalable, the next step would be to adopt an asynchronous programming model.
However, there must be developers and programmers who find it tough to linear blocking input/output programming.
1. Fast Development
It helps in the creation of small and medium-sized applications, which is much quicker than the creation of something from the beginning. If you have a given time frame, you can complete the work within the given time frame.
2. The Model-View-Controller Pattern
It helps in code maintenance. It helps in separating the data manipulating logic from the bits that handle the display. It is easy to change the underlying code as well.
The built-in features make it easy to protect applications from security hazards. There are variable security hazards like data manipulation, forgery, etc. Developers are using PHP to avoid such security threats.
PHP can run on various platforms. When a developer is working on a PHP platform, he/she doesn't need to worry when running a PHP code as the code can run without any error on any platform.
Disadvantages of PHP
1. Unsuitable for Large Applications
It is tough to use PHP for huge applications. A huge application that is created using PHP can be difficult to maintain.
2. Undesired Code
You will often seek the code library filled with undesired code. This may lead to an inactive server.
3. The Old Fashioned Client-Server Model
PHP always follows the classic client-server model, where every page request starts with an application then the database connection and HTML rendering. Hence PHP is a bit slower as compared to Node.js that runs permanently and needs to initialize once.
Which Is Better?
As we have seen, both of them have their advantages and disadvantages. Node.js is a great fit for Real-time Applications like messaging instantly and collaborative apps etc. Node.js is suitable for IoT applications.
PHP is also a good choice, where we need a standardized solution like a blog, news site, or web portal. While using such CMS like WordPress, a customizable blog can be created without coding.
When we have both the options that are PHP and Node.js in hand, we should consider the basis of the application to be built.
If the client wants a standardized solution with extensive hosting support, PHP should be used.
On the other hand, Node.js is good for Real-time applications.
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