Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Proof of Concept – LambdaSpec, how testing will look with Java8

DZone's Guide to

Proof of Concept – LambdaSpec, how testing will look with Java8

· Java Zone
Free Resource

Bitbucket is for the code that takes us to Mars, decodes the human genome, or drives your next car. What will your code do? Get started with Bitbucket today, it's free.

I recently had an hour or two to spare, so I decided to play around with Java 8 and its Lambdas. Coming from Scala and knowing the Spec of lambdas (I’ve been checking it out on each update) I went straight on to implementing anything useful with them.

I decided that Java will eventually get a testing framework using lambdas, in a more BDD way. My favourite example of such framework is ScalaTest (by Bill Venners) which I wholeheartedly love nowadays. So my goal was to implement something similar, within what’s possible with Java currently.

import pl.project13.test.lambda.exampleimpl.Adder;
import pl.project13.test.lambda.spec.set.ClassSpecSet;

import static org.fest.assertions.Assertions.assertThat;
import static pl.project13.test.lambda.SpecDSL.describe;

public class ClassSpecTest {

  // this `SpecSet` provides a new instance of the tested class for each `should`
  ClassSpecSet<Adder> it = describe(Adder.class);

  {
    it.should("add two numbers", adder -> {
      // given
      int a = 1;
      int b = 2;

      int expected = 3;

      // when
      int got = adder.add(a, b);

      // then
      assertThat(got).isEqualTo(expected);
    });

    it.should("add a negative number", adder -> {
      // given
      int a = -1;
      int b = 2;

      int expected = 333; // wrong `expected`, to demo failure logging

      // when
      int got = adder.add(a, b);

      // then
      assertThat(got).isEqualTo(expected);
    });

    it.should("add imaginary numbers", MarkAs.pending);
  }

  // currently LambdaSpec has no stand alone runner, so fire it up using JUnit
  @Test
  public void shouldPassAllTests() throws Exception {
    it.shouldPassAllTests();
  }
}

And here’s how a passing / failing and pending test would look like:

So pretty much like you’d expect it from a good testing framework nowadays. Truth be told – reading junit in the terminal is a horrible pain so you have to use your IDE for browsing test failures. (I honestly like my terminal output to be meaningful enough for testing – that way I always have all tests running on one screen, and am writing code on the main screen).

You may ask why this verbosity is a nice thing. That is: “Why not use annotations, like we always have?”. One of the answers is the bellow snippet, which displays how generating test data, and meaningful test names, and the tests themselfes are very easy to track and understand (this is not yet implemented):

// or even more plain:
testCases.foreach((case) -> {
  // given
  Object given = case.given;
  Object expected = case.expected;
  
  it.should("return [%s] when applied to [%s]", given, expected, system -> {
    // when
    Object got = system.doThing(given);
  
    // then
    assertThat(got).isEqualTo(expected);
  });
});

Or another style (yet to be improved):

it.should("return an expected value").forAll(testCases, (system, given, expected) -> {
  // when
  Object got = system.doThing(given);
  
  // then
  assertThat(got).isEqualTo(expected);
});

LambdaSpec is for now just a Proof of Concept, but eventually I hope to get it to the point that once J8 is released, we’ll be able to use it instead of JUnit. Some of the nice features I want to bring in would be smart test dependency analysis (so only the tests that may have failed will be run) and a separate runner… Think ~test if you know ScalaTest… :-)

Anyway, if you’re interested in Java 8 and what’s coming up, i encourage you to star the project (it’ll give me the necessary power to push this thing forward ;-)).

Check out the sources at https://github.com/ktoso/lambda-spec

Bitbucket is the Git solution for professional teams who code with a purpose, not just as a hobby. Get started today, it's free.

Topics:

Published at DZone with permission of Konrad Malawski, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

THE DZONE NEWSLETTER

Dev Resources & Solutions Straight to Your Inbox

Thanks for subscribing!

Awesome! Check your inbox to verify your email so you can start receiving the latest in tech news and resources.

X

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}