Psychology in AI
Artificial intelligence has made remarkable strides in the past few years; psychology allows developers to continue to create AI that is more human-like than ever before.
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On one hand, we have a wire-led machine made up of circuits and algorithms. On the other hand exists a human being led by complex emotions and hormones that are triggered by chemical reactions in the brain. These two don’t seem like a match, do they? However, when it comes to creating a hybrid of the two, the two seemingly contradictory concepts — psychology and artificial intelligence — complement each other perfectly.
Artificial Intelligence, or AI, refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term is also applied to any machine that demonstrates traits associated with a natural human mind such as learning, critical thinking, and problem-solving.
We’ve spent decades researching and developing AI in order to reduce human effort and induce comfort into our lives. Today, we have self-driven cars, smart assistants, and manufacturing robots — and these are only a few out of the plethora of examples of how we’re surrounded by machines. This endeavour of ours to replicate human intelligence in machines, although inspired, is set to cause our desolation in the near future.
How AI Will Cause Desolation
Not to scare you, but if AI surpasses the human race in common intelligence and becomes “super-intelligent”, then it could possibly grow beyond our capacity and get out of hand. Not being able to control what we’ve created — what a dramatic way to go obsolete that would be! At this pace, the fate of humanity might rest upon machines someday.
AI will also have a huge difference on the world economy and geopolitics. Like McKinsey estimates, AI may deliver an additional economic output of around US $13 trillion by 2030, increasing global GDP by about 1.2% annually.
Read More: AI: Definition, applications, and Courses.
Psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and behavior. It is a multi-dimensional discipline that includes many sub-fields of study such as human development, health, clinical, social behavior, cognitive processes, etc. Gaining a richer and deeper understanding of the human mind through psychology can help people achieve insights into their own actions as well as a better understanding of other people.
Ever since the debate surrounding the role of psychology in AI began, scholars have argued if a machine can outrun humans in terms of emotional aspects. A robot is supposed to run on practical and logical sensors, employing critical thinking skills for solving complex problems similar to that of humans. These are artificially induced in contrast to the natural skills of a human being.
Studies show that the consciousness, sensitivity, and prompt response to environmental stimulation in humans cannot be replicated. Currently, it is not possible for AI to portray feelings. If we look at humans, emotional responses to external/internal stimuli can be seen as a conscious or unconscious reactions induced by certain biological circuits embedded in us. As of now, we are far from creating an algorithm that can mimic these responses.
Artificial Intelligence can be seen outshining humans in our day-to-day life. Things that took us years to make or do can be done at the snap of a finger. The quality of life has improved but simultaneously, multiple human skills have been rendered useless. However, while machines might best us in physical and logical aspects, the real question is if they can accomplish similar levels of emotional development and problem-solving skills. The human psyche requires us to build upon the activities in the cosmos and respond accordingly.
Machines understand and respond according to what they’ve been fed through programming. Features like advising, comforting, and showing empathy are far-fetched ideas in the technological pathways.
A common example is traditional classrooms vs e-learning mechanisms. When teachers are trained, they’re taught a child’s psychology which is necessary to deal with hundreds of completely different individuals and induce valuable education according to their separate levels of understanding. E-classrooms are made with an algorithm and impart a standard level of education to the entire class all the same.
As all five fingers are not the same, each child is different and has a unique psychological need. Moreover, it becomes difficult for a machine to understand the responses of the students and react. The lively environment in a traditional classroom cannot be replicated by the modules of e-learning. Interactive sessions, which induce creativity and spontaneity, are not possible either. Each child is like wet clay, ready to be molded into the best possible shape. Their minds are impressionable and only an emotionally equipped being can fulfill their unique psychological needs.
Numerous scientists claim that simple psychological responses can be replicated by AI through complex algorithms which will require years of work and research, bringing the phrase " robots with emotions" to quite a literal implementation. For this, we require a profound knowledge of the human psyche — how the brain reacts to various internal as well as external stimuli and how hormones play a role in unconscious and subconscious decision-making. However, the computational models are not the human brain and far from replicating it.
The human mind is made up of complex fragments driven not only by logistics and reasoning but also by our thoughts about the external world and self-awareness. Systems that are close to resembling humans are studied under “developmental robotics”. This field of study includes increasingly complex senses (vision, audio, touch, etc.) and internal system information (battery life, balance, system heating, etc). These researchers aim to study how human beings grow from childhood to adulthood and how humans learn and produce decisions. Within this field, cognitive architects are learning how behavioral patterns develop through experience.
The Human Mind
Human beings are a complicated species. We are seldom ever capable of distinguishing between sadness, anxiety, and depression; love and infatuation; anger and frustration, etc. We’re still mapping the dimensions of our own brain, let alone developing a replica.
The one feature that isn’t attributable to the human race is standardization. No two people are the same, undergoing different levels of hormonal balances and asymmetric responses to the cosmos. Knowing this, creating one single algorithm that caters to the needs of a plethora of "dummy humans", if I may say, seems impossible.
We might never be able to construct a machine that can recognize the entire spectrum of diverse human emotions but the world is full of vibrant possibilities. Quoting Spiderman, “Great power comes with great responsibility”. Constructing something even close to superhuman with the best of both worlds — technological reasoning and psychological prowess — will bring a serious threat to humanity within itself. It is highly likely to be controlled by robots that we develop in the future since the world runs on the principle "survival of the fittest". A machine that can do any amount of labor with no boundaries regarding the intensity of work as well as equipped with emotional insights can cause more harm than help.
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