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Ratpacked: Assert No Exceptions Are Thrown With RequestFixture

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Ratpacked: Assert No Exceptions Are Thrown With RequestFixture

By implementing an extra error handler, you can rest a bit easier about your unit tests. Here, we demonstrate how RequestFixture can give you more flexibility.

· Java Zone
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Writing unit tests for our handlers in Ratpack is easy with RequestFixture. We invoke the handle method and use a Handler or Chain we want to test as an argument. We can provide extra details on the fixture instance with a second argument, for example adding objects to the registry or setting the request method. The handle method returns a HandlingResult object. This object has the method exception, which we can use to see if an exception occurred in our code under test. The method throws a HandlerExceptionNotThrownException if the expected exception doesn't occur.

In the following example, we have two feature methods to check if an exception occurred or not:

package sample
 
import ratpack.handling.Context
import ratpack.handling.Handler
import ratpack.test.handling.RequestFixture
import spock.lang.Specification
 
class HandlerSpec extends Specification {
 
    def 'check exception is thrown'() {
        given:
        def result = RequestFixture.handle new SampleHandler(true), Action.noop()
 
        expect:
        result.exception(Exception).message == 'Sample exception'
    }
 
    def 'check no exception is thrown'() {
        given:
        def result = RequestFixture.handle new SampleHandler(false), Action.noop()
         
        when:
        result.exception(Exception)
 
        then:
        thrown(HandlerExceptionNotThrownException)
    }
     
}
 
class SampleHandler implements Handler {
     
    /**
     * Indicate if we need to create an
     * error with an exception or not.
     */
    private final boolean throwException = false
 
    SampleHandler(final boolean throwException) {
        this.throwException = throwException
    }
 
    @Override
    void handle(final Context ctx) throws Exception {
        if (throwException) {
            // Throw a sample exception.
            ctx.error(new Exception('Sample exception'))
            ctx.response.send()
        } else {
            // No exceptions.
            ctx.response.send('OK')
        }
    }
}


Instead of using the exception method of HandlingResult, we can add a custom ServerErrorHandler to the fixture registry. Exceptions are handled by the error handler, and we can check whether an exception occurred via the error handler. In the following code, we use a custom error handler:

package sample
 
import ratpack.error.ServerErrorHandler
import ratpack.handling.Context
import ratpack.handling.Handler
import ratpack.test.handling.RequestFixture
import spock.lang.Specification
 
class HandlerSpec extends Specification {
 
    /**
     * Error handler to capture exceptions.
     */
    private specErrorHandler = new SpecErrorHandler()
 
    /**
     * Add error handler as {@link ServerErrorHandler}
     * implementation to the fixture registry.
     */
    private fixtureErrorHandler = { fixture ->
        fixture.registry.add ServerErrorHandler, specErrorHandler
    }
     
    def 'check exception is thrown'() {
        when:
        RequestFixture.handle new SampleHandler(true), fixtureErrorHandler
 
        then:
        specErrorHandler.exceptionThrown()
         
        and:
        specErrorHandler.throwable.message == 'Sample exception'
    }
 
    def 'check no exception is thrown'() {
        when:
        RequestFixture.handle new SampleHandler(false), fixtureErrorHandler
 
        then:
        specErrorHandler.noExceptionThrown()
    }
     
}
 
class SampleHandler implements Handler {
     
    /**
     * Indicate if we need to create an
     * error with an exception or not.
     */
    private final boolean throwException = false
 
    SampleHandler(final boolean throwException) {
        this.throwException = throwException
    }
 
    @Override
    void handle(final Context ctx) throws Exception {
        if (throwException) {
            // Throw a sample exception.
            ctx.error(new Exception('Sample exception'))
            ctx.response.send()
        } else {
            // No exceptions.
            ctx.response.send('OK')
        }
    }
     
}
 
/**
 * Simple implementation for {@link ServerErrorHandler}
 * where we simply store the original exception and
 * add utility methods to determine if an exception is
 * thrown or not.
 */
class SpecErrorHandler implements ServerErrorHandler {
     
    /**
     * Store original exception.
     */
    private Throwable throwable
 
    /**
     * Store exception in {@link #throwable} and
     * set response status to {@code 500}.
     *
     * @param context Context for request.
     * @param throwable Exception thrown in code.
     * @throws Exception Something goes wrong.
     */
    @Override
    void error(final Context context, final Throwable throwable) throws Exception {
        this.throwable = throwable
        context.response.status(500)
    }
 
    /**
     * @return {@code true} if error handler is invoked, {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    boolean exceptionThrown() {
        throwable != null
    }
 
    /**
     * @return {@code true} if error handler is not invoked, {@code false} otherwise.
     */
    boolean noExceptionThrown() {
        !exceptionThrown()
    }
     
}


Written with Ratpack 1.4.5.

Download Building Reactive Microservices in Java: Asynchronous and Event-Based Application Design. Brought to you in partnership with Red Hat

Topics:
java ,ratpack ,unit test ,requestfixture ,exceptions ,tutorial

Published at DZone with permission of Hubert Klein Ikkink, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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