{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

React Native vs Flutter for Cross-Platform App Development

DZone 's Guide to

React Native vs Flutter for Cross-Platform App Development

In this comparison, find out which framework to use for cross-platform app development.

· Web Dev Zone ·
Free Resource

React Native vs Flutter can be a good foundation for further analysis and research. In considering which framework to use for cross-platform app development, it will be wise to ask two questions.

  1. Are you looking at developing your apps at a rapid pace? 
  2. Are you looking at reducing the cost of cross-application app development? 

If the answer to both these questions is a confident yes, then the comparison we provide will help you decide which framework to choose for your cross-application app development.

Let us understand both the frameworks and understand their differences clearly.

What Is Flutter?

Flutter was created by Google and is an open-source framework that was released in May 2017. With just a single code, Flutter developers are able to create a native mobile application. 

It Has Two Main Parts

  1. A development toolkit is provided in order to assist the developers. The kit has tools that assemble the code into a native machine code applicable for both iOS and Android. 
  2. It also provides a user interface library that is widget-based. This holds a bundle of metamorphic UI components like buttons, inputs, test, etc. These elements help in the personalization constructed according to your needs. 

Flutter uses the Dart programming language, which can be used for front-end development for both mobile and web-based applications. 

You might also like: Flutter vs. React Native App Development: Who Will Win the Race?

Reasons to Use Flutter

  • Easy to learn with easier usability — Flutter is a contemporary framework, and due to its features, it's easy to create applications. The coding is simple, and you can easily make cross-platform applications.
  • Quick compilation — Flutter also gives developers the convenience to change code and immediately see the result of the change in real-time. This is the hot reload feature, which provides developers the ease to change code and see results. 
  • Great for Start-ups — In order to attract Venture capitalists to your project, you can make a fine presentation of your offering using flutter. Minimum viable product or the MVP can be made using Flutter. 
  • Good documentation — For new technologies, having good documentation is absolutely necessary. Flutter’s documentation is detailed and has instant documentation support for every issue encountered.
  • Growing community — Although not a very big community, its community presence is ever-growing.

What Is React Native?

A framework built by Facebook for chalking out native apps for iOS and Android under one common language that is JavaScript.

Reasons to Use React Native

  • Single code — React Native framework developers prefer this dynamic framework for this reason. You can code only once and use that code to create apps on both platforms.
  • Node Package manager — With this installation, it becomes way easier than it used to be because developers feel that installation is the hardest thing to carry out.
  • A flourishing React Native community — As of now, the React Native community has a huge community and with continuous improvement and plans, the community and the plugins are getting better. 
  • Presence of third party libraries — A great supporting feature of React Native framework is the presence of third-party libraries giving developers a wide choice to go ahead. 

React Native vs Flutter: A Comparison                        

Technology

React Native

Flutter

Programming Language

Javascript

Dart

Created By

Facebook

Google

First Release Year

Jan 2015

May 2017

GitHub Stars

83200

81200

Flexible Components

Most of them are adapted on their own

None of the components are adaptive. They need to be configured

Learning Curve

Easy to pick up, especially if you used to React or Javascript before

Quite steep, you need to pick up Dart, and reactive programming isn’t all intuitive

Hot Reload

Supported

Supported

Architecture

Redux as well as Flux

Works on BloC

Ecological Community

It has reached a mature level and works well in tandem with bigger organizations.

It does not have many packages like React Native and also is at its nascent stage. 

User Interface

The application components are quite similar to native ones. React Native uses native components denoting that the components shall be updated immediately when the OS gets updated. The UI also cannot be disintegrated that easily. 

This looks stunning on the latest versions of the operating system. Having the advantage of a single code base, it makes the application run well on both the platforms. The Cupertino widgets in flutter go a long way to copy the platform design. 

Code Sharing

They have a few curated libraries that let the user utilize the code for cross-platform. The shared code can then be extracted in mobile, web and desktop and put into a separate archive. Their treatment will be separate but will be infused in the same manner. 

The developer can then focus on creating a code for a pre-defined platform without bothering about if it is compatible or not.

Flutter will assist the developers in generating one code for all of its applications. In fact, the web support for Flutter is not an alpha channel to date.

Competitive Advantage

React Native framework is stable, which makes top players create applications using it especially on cross-platforms. It is also extremely simple and with the huge community support, users are never bound to return disappointed.

Flutter is popular for its rich widgets, which give apps a great look. Documentation is great and provides an unparalleled time to market. 

It has one single code base and due to this feature, it is gradually becoming a favorite of the developers.

Installation

The developers whose JS is up to date can find the installation of the Node Package manager a cakewalk. But for others, learning a Node package manager can prove to be difficult. The Node package manager aids in installing at both the global and the local levels.

Flutter can be installed simply by downloading the binary for a pre-determined platform from GitHub. It is also planning to have supporting package elements like Macports, YUM, etc. to ease out the installation process. 

Developer Productivity

This is highly objective because depending on the need of the project and the skills of the developer, productivity can be determined. If the developer is well-versed in JavaScript then their productivity with React Native is bound to be the best especially in developing cross-platform applications. 

React Native also is blessed with a hot reload feature that enables the developers to save oodles of time especially while testing the changes made in UI. For IDE developers, the use of any text editor is permissible. 

It also contains the hot reload feature which eases the starting process. But with increasing complexity, developers have to then adjust with the new concepts and changes. 

Dart is not a very general language and is less popular in comparison, so the support system is not as robust as React Native.


With our comprehensive analysis of both frameworks, we now believe that your queries, to a large extent, have been answered. Remember, information is the key, and to proceed without knowledge is the first step towards disaster.

Further Reading

Comparison Between Flutter vs. React Native for Mobile App Development

React Native vs. Flutter [Infographic]

Topics:
flutter ,flutter vs react native ,web development ,web dev ,react vs flutter ,cross-platform app development

Published at DZone with permission of Sourabh Nagar . See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}