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Reflection in Java Made Easy

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Reflection in Java Made Easy

· Java Zone ·
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Download Microservices for Java Developers: A hands-on introduction to frameworks and containers. Brought to you in partnership with Red Hat.

Reflection is one of the most powerful APIs available to a Java developer. Out of the box, the standard Java api is quite labourious to use, especially to search and query for particular methods.

For example, on a project I was recently working, to retrieve all the public methods off a class that returned a string, taking in zero parameters, with a method naming starting with to, the code would have to look like this:

 ArrayList<Method> results = new ArrayList<Method>();     
 for (Method m : String.class.getDeclaredMethods()) {                
     if (Modifier.isPublic(m.getModifiers()) &&           
             m.getReturnType().equals(String.class) &&    
             m.getParameterCount() == 0 &&                
             m.getName().startsWith("to")) {              
         results.add(m);                                  
     }                                                    
 }                                                                                                                  

So you could imagine, if you had anything more complicated, how this would end up looking. I looked around and found the Reflections library which makes this kind of work extremely easy. Converting the same query as above would look like this:

  Set<Method> results = getMethods(String.class,
          withModifier(Modifier.PUBLIC),
          withReturnType(String.class),     
          withParametersCount(0),
          withPrefix("to"));                                              

There's a lot more complicated queries that could be achieved with the library. The javadoc is a good place to look for more information. So in future, hopefully you consider using the library if you need to perform any reflections related operations in Java.

Here are some related links.

Download Building Reactive Microservices in Java: Asynchronous and Event-Based Application Design. Brought to you in partnership with Red Hat

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