Recently I ran into a nasty bug that will get reproduced only in a hosted instance ofEclipse. The best way to catch this type of bug is through remote debugging.
Remote debugging is a Java feature. Since Eclipse is a Java application (running inside a JVM) we can remote debug it given the JVM used to launch Eclipse supports it. Most JVMs supports remote debugging from pre-1.4 era.
How to remote debug Eclipse?
give a nice definition: "
Debugging a program running on one system while controlling the program from another system is known as remote debugging. The debugger supports remote debugging by allowing you to run the debugger user interface on one system, while running the debug engine on another system. The system running the debugger user interface is known as the local system. The system where the debug engine runs is known as the remote system.
Host Eclipse: The default eclipse instance is referred to as Host Eclipse. When self-hosting, a new Eclipse is launched from it, it is referred to as Guest Eclipse or Nested Eclipse Instance.
- Start the Eclipse as server We need to pass -Xdebug VM argument to Eclipse to tell JVM to get launched with debugger. We need to pass certain more options to tell it to start in server mode and listen to a particular socket.
This command shall be entered on the command prompt
eclipse.exe -vmargs -Xdebug -Xrunjdwp:transport=dt_socket,server=y,suspend=n,address=1044
See the complete details for the options and their meaning at
Connection and Invocation Details page.
- Creating a Remote Java Application debug config
Start another instance of Eclipse where we will debug the other instance launched in Step 1. Also check out the code that you want to debug. Once this is done, open debug launch configurations and choose '
Remote Java Application' and create a new debug config.
project text box shall contain the project which has the code that needs to be debugged. The connection type shall be
standard socket attach while
port will contain the socket address we gave in Step 1. The
localhost we both instances are running of same machine.
- Connecting and attaching to the remote server
Launch the debug config like any other debug config. This will launch the debug mode. Place the breakpoints and do the relevant actions in the server Eclipse instance to hit the.
The debug process is the same as normal debug. No differences. However, if you change the code then the updated code is not what that would run. Remember the server Eclipse is still running in separate JVM. So what you are getting is only a reflection of the code execution. The debug session will end when the serve Eclipse instance is closed or the client Eclipse is disconnected using the disconnect button in the debug view.