Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Running Django Cronjobs Within a Virtualenv

DZone's Guide to

Running Django Cronjobs Within a Virtualenv

· Web Dev Zone
Free Resource

Discover how to focus on operators for Reactive Programming and how they are essential to react to data in your application.  Brought to you in partnership with Wakanda

If you use virtual environments on your django servers, then getting manage.py commands to run from cron is a little tricky. You need to activate the virtualenv before running the command and so you might think that the following would work:

*/10 * * * * root source /var/www/mysite/virtualenvs/dev/bin/activate && /var/www/mysite/build/dev/manage.py some_custom_command > /dev/null


It doesn't, although it's tricky to spot why as /var/log/syslog doesn't give much away (Debian-specific of course).

A good trick for cronjob debugging is to alias yourself as root within /etc/aliases:

postmaster: root
root: yourusername@gmail.com


and run sendmail -bi to initialise the aliases. As errors from cronjobs are emailed to root, you will also get a copy. Doing this reveals the above cron file fails as the default shell for cron is /bin/sh which doesn't support the source command.

The solution is to set the $SHELL variable within the cron file:

SHELL=/bin/bash
*/10 * * * * root source /var/www/mysite/virtualenvs/dev/bin/activate && /var/www/mysite/build/dev/manage.py some_custom_command > /dev/null


Update - have been informed of a much simpler technique that works for most cases: simply run manage.py using the python executable of your virtualenv:

*/10 * * * * root /var/www/mysite/virtualenvs/dev/bin/python /var/www/mysite/build/dev/manage.py some_custom_command > /dev/null


I didn't spot this one to start with as our settings configuration required a environmental variable to be used to indicate which settings file to use. This variable was set within the activate script, hence why the source command was needed. It turns out that this can just be set in the cron file too:

DJANGO_CONF=conf.dev
*/10 * * * * root /var/www/mysite/virtualenvs/dev/bin/python /var/www/mysite/build/dev/manage.py some_custom_command > /dev/null


Much simpler!


Source: http://codeinthehole.com/writing/running-django-cronjobs-within-a-virtualenv/

Learn how divergent branches can appear in your repository and how to better understand why they are called “branches".  Brought to you in partnership with Wakanda

Topics:

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

THE DZONE NEWSLETTER

Dev Resources & Solutions Straight to Your Inbox

Thanks for subscribing!

Awesome! Check your inbox to verify your email so you can start receiving the latest in tech news and resources.

X

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}