Six Thinking Hats on Angular vs. React

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Six Thinking Hats on Angular vs. React

Let's look at the facts and functionality, possibilities, ideal use cases, and emotions behind choosing between Angular and React for your web app projects.

· Web Dev Zone ·
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The idea of this article is to compare and contrast Angular and React so that we can choose what suits our needs.

There is so much information on the internet that we will eventually run into analysis paralysis when trying to make a decision between the two for your next web application. So, I thought of applying the “Six Thinking Hats” methodology to organize my thoughts and classify the information and data points.

Six Thinking Hats: The Decision-Making Process

Color of Hat Angular React

WHITE: The facts, Just Facts 
  • Angular is a complete end-to-end framework.
  • It supports MVC.
  • TypeScript.
  • Two-way binding by default.
  • Asynchronous processing.
  • Developed and maintained by Google.
  • Focus on Single Page Applications.
  • Command line support for development tools.
  • Is a View library.
  • Virtual DOM Technology.
  • JSX: Supports pure JavaScript coding for HTML/CSS.
  • One-way binding by default.
  • State management for using Redux.
  • Developed and maintained by Facebook.
  • Supports Multi-Page Applications.
  • Command line support for development tools.

YELLOW: Values and Benefits

  • Enables Java developers to quickly develop web applications..
  • Object-Oriented Programming style.
  • Dependency Injection.
  • Very Small, because it just supports View components.
  • JSX abstracts HTML and CSS, so it's all JavaScript code.
  • Functional programming style.
  • Virtual DOM.

BLACK: Difficulties and Dangers

  • Initial learning curve of TypeScript for non-JavaScript developers
  • More hierarchical and structure might look complex for some JavaScript developers
  • Slightly heavier when compared to React.
  • Fear of JavaScript fatigue.
  • Scaling the application with more and more functionality.
  • JSX limitations (Why not direct HTML/CSS).
  • Everything is component.  No Controller/Service.
  • Javascript library life cycle management.


Emotions and Feelings 
  • Happy that it supports OOP.
  • Code structure enforced with the MVC pattern.
  • Everything under the hood solution.
  • Worried about finding a new JavaScript library every time that we need new functionality/technology (JavaScript fatigue).
  • Worried that code may become unorganized over a period of time, since the code structure must be enforced by the maintainers and developers.


New ideas and possibilities 
  • TypeScript quickly enables Java developers to become web developers.
  • Highly opinionated and enforces code structures.
  • Different components for Model, View, Services, and Routers.
  • No need for additional/external libraries.
  • Quick to develop applications.
  • Suitable for a small team of JavaScript experts focused on web UI development.
  • Good for teams already working with other JavaScript libraries such as Ember, Backbone, and Dojo.

BLUE: Thinking about Thinking

Angular is suitable for:
  • Large and complex applications
  • Full stack developers with Java/C# knowledge
  • Developing clean and structured code
React is suitable for:
  • Large web applications that are collections of many small applications
  • Teams with experience in JavaScript and that are ready to build everything on their own.
  • Teams focusing only Web UI development.


As discussed, my decision would be based on the team’s competency, willingness to explore new technology, the nature of the application, and project timelines. The points discussed under “Red Hat” may not be acceptable for everyone, but individual emotions and feelings might affect the final decision. Overall, I feel both Angular and React are capable and matured technologies in their own unique way of building web apps.

web dev ,angular ,react ,web app development

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