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Spocklight: Support for Hamcrest Matchers

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Spocklight: Support for Hamcrest Matchers

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How do you break a Monolith into Microservices at Scale? This ebook shows strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices.

Spock has support for Hamcrest matchers and adds some extra syntactic sugar. In an expect: block in a Spock specification method we can use the following syntax value Matcher. Let's create a sample Spock specification and use this syntax with the Hamcrest matcher hasKey:

// File: SampleSpecification.groovy
package com.mrhaki.spock

@Grab('org.hamcrest:hamcrest-all:1.3')
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.*

@Grab('org.spockframework:spock-core:0.7-groovy-2.0')
import spock.lang.Specification

class SampleSpecification extends Specification {

    def "sample usage of hamcrest matcher hasKey"() {
        given:
        final sampleMap = [name: 'mrhaki']

        expect:
        sampleMap hasKey('name')
        sampleMap not(hasKey('name')) // To show assertion message.
    }

}

We can run the code ($groovy SampleSpecification.groovy) and see in the output a very useful assertion message for the second matcher in the expect: block. We directly see what went wrong and what was expected.

$ groovy SampleSpecification.groovy
JUnit 4 Runner, Tests: 1, Failures: 1, Time: 210
Test Failure: sample usage of hamcrest matcher hasKey(com.mrhaki.spock.SampleSpecification)
Condition not satisfied:

sampleMap not(hasKey('name'))
|         |
|         false
[name:mrhaki]

Expected: not map containing ["name"->ANYTHING]
     but: was <{name=mrhaki}>

 at com.mrhaki.spock.SampleSpecification.sample usage of hamcrest matcher hasKey(SampleSpecification.groovy:18)

With Spock we can rewrite the specification and use the static method that() in spock.util.matcher.HamcrestSupport as a shortcut for the Hamcrest assertThat() method. The following sample shows how we can use that(). With this method we can use the assertion outside an expect: or then: block.

// File: SampleSpecification.groovy
package com.mrhaki.spock

@Grab('org.hamcrest:hamcrest-all:1.3')
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.*

@Grab('org.spockframework:spock-core:0.7-groovy-2.0')
import static spock.util.matcher.HamcrestSupport.*
import spock.lang.Specification

class SampleSpecification extends Specification {

    def "sample usage of hamcrest matcher hasKey"() {
        given:
        final sampleMap = [name: 'mrhaki']

        expect:
        that sampleMap, hasKey('name')
    }

}

Finally we can use the expect() method in spock.util.matcher.HamcrestSupport to add the assertion in a then: block. This improves readability of our specification.

// File: SampleSpecification.groovy
package com.mrhaki.spock

@Grab('org.hamcrest:hamcrest-all:1.3')
import static org.hamcrest.Matchers.*

@Grab('org.spockframework:spock-core:0.7-groovy-2.0')
import static spock.util.matcher.HamcrestSupport.*
import spock.lang.Specification

class SampleSpecification extends Specification {

    def "sample usage of hamcrest matcher hasKey"() {
        when:
        final sampleMap = [name: 'mrhaki']

        then:
        expect sampleMap, hasKey('name')
    }

}

Code written with Spock 0.7-groovy-2.0





 

How do you break a Monolith into Microservices at Scale? This ebook shows strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices.

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