The State of DevSecOps for 2020
The State of DevSecOps for 2020
in this article, we discuss where DevSecOps is currently and where its trending as we continue to move into 2020.
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DevSecOps is a concept that will become more important in the field of software development in 2020. The increased use of cloud-based architecture to provide mission-critical information technology services to businesses requires new and more robust methodology.
Organizations use DevSecOps to provide better software products for internal users and customers. Let’s take a closer look at this development paradigm with an investigation of its current status and where it promises to go in the near future.
What Is DevSecOps?
The term DevSecOps can be seen as a description of the evolution of the software development process in a single word. A simple DevSecOps definition is that it is a development approach that builds security into the process and automates core security tasks wherever possible. In DevSecOps, security is an essential part of the development process and needs to be practiced by all team members as part of a collaborative effort.
A complete understanding of DevSecOps requires a firm grasp of the concepts behind DevOps. Let’s look at the similarities and the critical difference between these two development techniques.
DevSecOps vs. DevOps
Traditional software development involves a strict separation in the roles of the developers who created a solution and the operations staff whose responsibilities were to maintain and monitor the finished product. The essence of DevOps is the elimination of the real or virtual walls separating these two teams to create a faster and more reliable method of developing software.
A DevOps process melds the development and operation staff into a unified entity with the shared goal of creating software more efficiently. This streamlines processes by having all stakeholders working together throughout development. Changes that would have to have been communicated to the operations team by the former developers are now holistically incorporated into team procedures.
A case in point is server provisioning, which can be a time-consuming, manual task in a traditional setting. DevOps teams are using the scalability of the cloud with techniques like infrastructure as code (IAC) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS) to make server provisioning possible with a few clicks. Understanding the evolving requirements as a project matures enables proactive changes in provisioning policy so that servers can immediately be available when needed.
DevSecOps takes this concept to its logical next level by incorporating security into the mix. Secure DevOps is often accomplished by adding security considerations to an existing DevOps team. Whether instituted from scratch in a new team or incorporated into a viable DevOps environment, the idea is that everyone involved in the development and maintenance of a software solution is responsible for its security.
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Keys to DevSecOps
DevOps security introduces automation and cloud technology techniques early in the development process. Here are three key factors to consider when implementing DevSecOps.
Take a holistic approach that increases the focus on security through every step of the process. In a well-developed DevSecOps pipeline, vulnerabilities and bugs can be identified and addressed continuously as the project proceeds. Security needs to look at all aspects of a project from the images it uses to how it is configured.
Shifting left refers to the practice of including security earlier in the development process. It speaks to the cost-effectiveness of identifying security issues at their point of origin. The cost to fix security issues increases at each step of the process. Would you rather address the issue before release or be responsible for ensuring updates are applied to all implementations?
Optimize processes for speed. Automation is an essential component of a successful DevSecOps process flow. Manual processes that slow development will not be welcomed in the DevOps world. The concept of security as code is instrumental in automating the security controls required by DevSecOps. It enables optimized security routines to be used on the fly at the team’s discretion.
Why Organizations Need DevSecOps
There are many real-world benefits that organizations can enjoy through the implementation of DevSecOps. They are in part driven by the heightened concerns surrounding data privacy and the associated compliance regulations that accompany them.
The failure to adequately secure applications and data can have devastating effects on a company. The possibilities and risks posed by public cloud services are other factors driving the adoption of the DevSecOps model across the software development landscape.
Reasons for companies to adopt DevSecOps include:
Identifying bugs and vulnerabilities early in the development process.
Making better use of open-source solutions.
Cost-efficient resource management.
Keeping developers focused on security.
Reducing risk and legal liability.
In the competitive world of software development, all of these factors contribute to the benefits afforded by adopting a DevSecOps mindset.
Trends in DevSecOps in 2020
DevSecOps can be used by enterprises in many ways. Here are some of the innovative uses of the methodology as well as specific problems that it may help solve.
Privacy, Security, and Compliance
A data breach and the cost of recovering from it are some of the greatest risks to companies in the IT field. There have been many examples in the news where millions of records are compromised by ineffective security. The financial cost to the affected business can be crippling and the impact on their reputation and consumer confidence may never be repaired.
As more punitive compliance regulations, like the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulations, are adopted around the world, the cost of inadequate security will only continue to rise.
DevSecOps can strengthen the security of software products and protecting data assets. It allows the inclusion of security checks and compliance reporting to be an integral part of software products and computing procedures. Security must be understood and practiced by all members of an organization. DevSecOps should merely be one manifestation of that effort to implement robust security.
Big data and the Internet of Things (IoT) have been responsible for tremendous growth in the quantity of information that organizations possess. An enterprise’s databases present an especially inviting target for hackers. Implementing DevSecOps in database design and development will help guard the valuable data resources they contain. The security-first emphasis of DevSecOps results in hardened databases and more secure customer transactions.
Function as a Service (FaaS)
FaaS is also known as serverless computing and is an offering of all major cloud providers. It eliminates the need for developers to worry about infrastructure so they can concentrate their efforts on their applications. FaaS offers a highly scalable and affordable platform for software development. DevSecOps fits perfectly with the FaaS computing model by ensuring that security is built into the development process.
Continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) is a practice employed by many development teams. It requires agile development methodologies and demands flexibility and quick turnaround time. Teams may make use of the features of FaaS to satisfy their computing requirements and DevSecOps techniques to ensure that the proper application security testing is always available.
Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning
On the DevSecOps checklist of enabling technologies, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) hold prime positions. AI and ML form the backbone of many automated processes that are used in DevSecOps. Machine learning allows complex security and monitoring applications to evolve based on the behavior of the systems under review. The programs can adapt to new attack vectors and provide enhanced protection from hackers and malware.
Here are some tools that use AI techniques to implement sophisticated security.
Sophos’ Intercept X is an application that is designed to understand the DNA of malware and determine if a file is safe or malicious. It extracts millions of features from a file and can determine its safety in 20 milliseconds.
Darktrace Antigena can identify previously unknown threats as they develop. It uses machine learning to protect organizations from suspicious activity and can respond in real-time if the threat is severe.
IBM QRadar Advisor uses the power of the company’s Watson technology to combat cyberattacks. It automatically investigates incidents with data mining techniques and prioritizes risks for better human decision-making.
As more tools that incorporate AI and ML are developed, DevSecOps teams will adopt them to provide high-level security to their applications and products.
DevSecOps in Cloud Tools and Techniques
Containers are an example of a widely-used cloud computing technique. They offer teams a route to fast system deployment and fit well with DevSecOps due to their attention to security. They must be used with caution because if security flaws are detected, they can be spread throughout an environment very rapidly.
A related cloud tool is Kubernetes which is used to deploy and manage containerized applications. But the Security vulnerability of Kubernetes was exposed in the product, temporarily impacting its popularity. It has addressed its security flaws and promises to be a tool used by many DevSecOps teams in the future.
The new trend in DevSecOps is an increased collaboration of all software team members toward one goal that is better observability and security. Implementation of DevSecOps practices as meetups on sharing knowledge and skills, workshops, security data visualization helps to integrate DevSecOps as an integral part of the SDLC and software developers team.
Greater collaboration inside the team makes it easier for DevSecOps specialists to build and monitor complex systems.
Automated Security in the CI/CD
An efficient and regularly monitored CI/CD process is a must for every development system. The product security testing is vital on this stage before the code deployment and product release. Therefore, the practices and tools (as Jenkins, CircleCI, and GitLab) for automated security testing on CI/CD will be on the rise for the next few years.
DevSecOps is a powerful approach to the problem of developing secure software products. The importance of its message should not be limited to the teams creating and maintaining software. It should extend throughout IT organizations as they strive to protect the data on which their businesses depend.
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