Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Transforming XML Messages Using XSLT With Apache Camel

DZone's Guide to

Transforming XML Messages Using XSLT With Apache Camel

This tutorial will show you the method to transform XML messages with Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations in Apache Camel.

· Integration Zone ·
Free Resource

SnapLogic is the leading self-service enterprise-grade integration platform. Download the 2018 GartnerMagic Quadrant for Enterprise iPaaS or play around on the platform, risk free, for 30 days.

1.0 Overview

XSLT (Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations) is a language for transforming XML documents into other XML documents or or other formats such as HTML for web pages, plain text or XSL Formatting Objects. The :xslt component in Apache Camel allows you to process message using XSLT template.

2.0 XSLT URI Format With Apache Camel

URI Description

xslt:com/example/mytransform.xsl

refers to file com/example/mytransform.xsl on the class path.

xslt:file:///example/mytransform.xsl

refers to file /example/mytransform.xsl

xslt:http://www.exampledemo.com/test/mytransform.xsl

refers to remote http resource.

3.0 Transforming an XML File to Another XML File Using XSLT

We will apply XSLT to transform an XML message to another XML message.

3.1 Input XML

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<rentalProperties>
    <property contact ="1">
        <type>House </type>
        <price>420</price>
        <address>
            <streetNo>1</streetNo>
            <street>Wavell Street</street>
            <suburb>Box Hill</suburb>
            <state>VIC</state>
            <zipcode>3128</zipcode> 
        </address>
        <numberOfBedrooms>3</numberOfBedrooms>
        <numberOfBathrooms>1</numberOfBathrooms> 
        <garage>1</garage>   
    </property>

3.2 XSLT

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" type="text/css" href="style.css">
    <xsl:template match="/">
        <rentalProperties>
            <property>
                <xsl:attribute name="contact"><xsl:value-of select='@contact'/></xsl:attribute>    
                <type><xsl:value-of select="type"/></type>
                <price><xsl:value-of select="price"/></price>
                <numberOfBedrooms><xsl:value-of select="numberOfBedrooms"/></numberOfBedrooms>
                <numberOfBathrooms><xsl:value-of select="numberOfBathrooms"/></numberOfBathrooms>
                <garage><xsl:value-of select="garage"/></garage>    
            </property>    
        </rentalProperties>    
    </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

3.3 Output XML

The below output will be generated after applying XSLT to input XML.

<rentalProperties>
   <property contact="1">
      <type>House </type>
      <price>420</price>
      <address>1 Wavell Street,Box Hill,VIC, Australia</address>
      <numberOfBedrooms>3</numberOfBedrooms>
      <numberOfBathrooms>1</numberOfBathrooms>
      <garage>1</garage>
   </property>
</rentalProperties>

4.0 Transform an XML Message Using XSLT With Apache Camel

Please go through the article "Introduction to Apache Camel" and it will give you a basic idea how to create a Java project and add the Camel dependencies required to implement the Camel integration. 

package com.camel.router;

import org.apache.camel.builder.RouteBuilder;
import org.apache.camel.CamelContext;
import org.apache.camel.impl.DefaultCamelContext;

public class CamelXSLTTransform {
public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception
{
System.out.println("Initializing the camel context...");
CamelContext camelContext = new DefaultCamelContext();
System.out.println("Implementing Routes......");
camelContext.addRoutes(new RouteBuilder(){
@Override
public void configure() throws Exception{
from("file:F:\\Apache_Camel_Test\\IN")
.to("xslt:CamelFileRouterApp/src/mytransform.xslt")
.to("file:F:\\Apache_Camel_Test\\IN");
}
});
System.out.println("Starting Camel Context......");
camelContext.start();
      Thread.sleep(3000);
      camelContext.stop();
}
}

In the above example, we have used a URI template that refers XSLT file on the class path. Make sure your XSLT file is added to the class path. 

In this example, first it will read the file from the input directory and it will apply the transform and saved the transformed file to the output directory.

Image title

5.0 Testing

To test your application, drop the input XML to the input directory, and finally, run the application as Java. It will pick the file from the input directory, apply the XSLT transform, and save the output XML to the output directory.

6.0 Conclusion

Apache Camel provides very simple steps to apply XSLT transformations on your input XML. There are various mechanisms by which you can call XSLT into your Camel application, as described above.

Now you know how to transform XML messages using XSLT with Apache Camel.

With SnapLogic’s integration platform you can save millions of dollars, increase integrator productivity by 5X, and reduce integration time to value by 90%. Sign up for our risk-free 30-day trial!

Topics:
apache camel ,camel ,integration ,tutorial

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}