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Understanding Ordering With JavaScript Async Methods

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Understanding Ordering With JavaScript Async Methods

Think you know how async methods in JavaScript are handled? Read this post and put your JavaScript and async knowledge to the test.

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So I challenged someone in a code review to prove that their code that made use of async functions wouldn't be susceptible to a race condition. To that end, I came up with some very trivial code examples to demonstrate the issue, worth trying to write down the output and line orderings before you read on.

let list;

async function clearList () {
    list = []; // A

async function processList (processList) {
   await clearList(); // B
   list = list.concat(processList); // C

processList([1,2,3]); // D
processList([4,5,6]) // E
   .then(() => {
      console.dir(list); // F

So the two questions here are what is the output of this code and what order do the lines of code get executed in? Now the point of the code was that it would show that the output is[1,2,3,4,5,6] because of the race condition, but the actual ordering of the execution of the lines of code I had wrong.

My assumption was that you would not enter the async method directly and instead be queued to be performed on a later clock tick. This gave me an execution flow of D,E,B,B,A,A,C,C,F which I was happy with until my coworker Millan Kuchtiak pointed out I was entirely incorrect.

It turns out that at least in Chrome and Safari that code doesn't get transferred in the queue until you reach the first await call. So, actually, when you run the code through with a debugger the flow is D,B,A,E,B,A,C,C,F. This makes sense from a performance point of view, some async methods might never need the change of context, so just in time async.

To summarise an async method is synchronous up until the first await.

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