Understanding Software Architecture
Understanding Software Architecture
Software architecture refers to fundamental structures and how they are created and documented in a system. It determines the quality and longevity of a system.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
Download the blueprint that can take a company of any maturity level all the way up to enterprise-scale continuous delivery using a combination of Automic Release Automation, Automic’s 20+ years of business automation experience, and the proven tools and practices the company is already leveraging.
The majority of today’s system problems are software-related. Software is the root of a system’s quality and longevity. Consequently, the architecture of a software is what determines the quality and longevity of a system. The concept of software architecture is not new for many people who are already implementing different software architectures. It is out of this that we will look into the concept of software architecture, focusing on its characteristics and some of the benefits of having a formidable software architecture.
What Is Software Architecture?
Any software system has fundamental structures, ways of creating such structures and documentation of all these structures. Software architecture refers to the fundamental structures and how they are created and documented in a system.
To understand the concept of software architecture further, we will look into the features that constitute software architecture.
Characteristics of Software Architecture
There are inherent characteristics of software architecture that define software architecture best. Knowledge of these features will help you have a clear picture of software architecture. Below are some of the features.
1. Multitude of Stakeholders
One of the leading features of software architecture is that it has to cater for a multitude of stakeholders. The stakeholders include business managers, developers, application owners, infrastructure operators, and end users. There are various concerns aired by these stakeholders that determine the kind of software created. Designing software requires one to balance all the concerns of the different stakeholders; thus, the architecture involves dealing with concerns of different stakeholders.
2. Separation of Concerns
There are various views associated with the concerns raised by different stakeholders. The views are called architectural views. It is the work of a software architect to separate the various concerns to reduce the complexity of a software system.
Another important characteristic of software architecture is in its quality. Software architecture should be quality-driven to make it effective in the delivery of its core functions. For example, if you make a quality circuit design software, it will be able to help you in your designing work. Some of the common quality attributes in software architecture include fault-tolerance, extensibility, backward compatibility, security, availability, reliability, maintainability, and usability.
4. Recurring Styles
Software architecture has standard ways of addressing recurring concerns, just as it is in building architecture. Recurring styles also have related terms such as architectural principle, style, tactic, and pattern.
5. Conceptual Integrity
This term denotes that the architecture of a software is a representation of its overall vision. The implementation is separate from the vision and thus the architect only assumes the role of “overseeing the vision.”
Benefits of a Formidable Software Architecture
You can get many benefits for having a formidable software architecture. Below are some of the benefits that you can expect.
1. Solid Foundation for Software Project
Good software architecture helps you in creating a solid foundation for your software project. This means that you can make the platform scalable when you build a good software architecture.
2. Increased Performance
It also helps in improving the performance of a system. A software system based on good architecture works better and therefore improves the general performance of the system. This means that you increase efficiency in your software project.
3. Reduced Cost
Good software architecture also helps in reducing the overall cost of operating a software system. This is because it helps in avoiding codes duplicity, which can make you spend more on the software project. Apart from that, you also enjoy cost benefits that come with improved efficiency.
4. Better Code Maintainability
Maintaining an existing software becomes easy with software architecture simply because the structure of the code is visible.
Much can be said about software architecture with the above-mentioned topics only working to show the general concept of software architecture. From above, you can clearly see that software architecture is of great importance. Therefore, you should work on developing a good software architecture to enjoy the above-mentioned benefits.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.