# Visualizing Earth's Population via a Kernel Approach

### Visualization is a common way to convey complex information. Here, I use a kernel-based algorithm to draw population density along latitudinal and longitudinal axes.

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Join For FreeThere was an interesting map on reddit this morning: a visualisation of latitude and longituge of where people live, on Earth.

So I tried to reproduce it. To compute the density, I used a kernel-based approach:

```
> library(maps)
> data("world.cities")
> X=world.cities[,c("lat","pop")]
> liss=function(x,h){
+ w=dnorm(x-X[,"lat"],0,h)
+ sum(X[,"pop"]*w)
+ }
> vx=seq(-80,80)
> vy=Vectorize(function(x) liss(x,1))(vx)
> vy=vy/max(vy)
> plot(world.cities$lon,world.cities$lat,)
> for(i in 1:length(vx))
+ abline(h=vx[i],col=rgb(1,0,0,vy[i]),lwd=2.7)
```

For the other axis, we use a miror technique, to ensure that -180 is close the +180

```
> Y=world.cities[,c("long","pop")]
> Ya=Y; Ya[,1]=Y[,1]-360
> Yb=Y; Yb[,1]=Y[,1]+360
> Y=rbind(Y,Ya,Yb)
> liss=function(y,h){
+ w=dnorm(y-Y[,"long"],0,h)
+ sum(Y[,"pop"]*w)
+ }
> vx=seq(-180,180)
> vy=Vectorize(function(x) liss(x,1))(vx)
> vy=vy/max(vy)
> plot(world.cities$lon,world.cities$lat,pch=19)
> for(i in 1:length(vx))
+ abline(v=vx[i],col=rgb(1,0,0,vy[i]),lwd=2.7)
```

Now we can add the two, on the same graph:

Published at DZone with permission of Arthur Charpentier, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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