Which Is Better: Traditional or Codeless ML Based Test Automation?
Can it truly be said that one is better than the other?
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Before we go exploring deep into the topic, we will first take a look at the basics of testing, machine learning (ML) based testing automation, and traditional testing automation.
Why Is Testing An Essential Part Of The Software Industry?
The world today is calling out for automation and advancements in every possible field. On comparing with the technology a few centuries before and today, there is a significant change in the area of technological advancements. Every day, software is being developed which assists humans in numerous ways. Have you given a thought to how these work?
Every automated function is implemented by program codes that are developed by a team of developers somewhere. Errors or bugs in the software, therefore, cannot be avoided. These need to be checked for regularly and should be rectified, and this exactly is why testing is a significant part of the software industry.
What Is Software Testing?
Software testing is a process that is carried out within every organization that works to develop software to check for flaws in the software produced. In the testing process, the software produced is tested for its correctness, performance, and quality; to ensure that they perform as expected. Based on the results, maintenance works or repairs are performed on the software to rectify or enhance it.
Here in this write-up, we take a look at traditional testing and machine learning (ML) based testing. Also, we can see which of the two is better.
Traditional Testing Automation
The traditional test automation relied a lot on scripting. It was essential that the test team in charge had to have good background knowledge on the various scripting languages as these were then used to develop scripts that helped automate the testing process.
Machine Learning (ML)-Based Testing Automation
You would have heard about artificial intelligence (AI) which is very often associated with a machine or a system when the method in which it was developed gives the ability to learn and solve problems by itself. Well, machine learning (ML) based testing automation is a subset of AI.
In this type of testing automation, the computers that test the software have the ability to learn from the data given to them without program them to code by code using any scripts.
Differences Between ML-Based And Traditional Test Automation
ML Based Test Automation
- The testing environment is ML UI.
- Takes less time to be developed and has advanced capabilities.
- The test flows can be recorded and there is no need for coding in most cases. Reusable functions can be grouped, scenarios are flow-based, and objects are generated in a way such that it is transparent to the user.
- When it comes to maintenance, it can heal itself, the corrections are handled automatically, etc.
- It can test anything that is mostly functional (E2E) and API.
- The different types of an app it can test is mostly web.
Traditional Test Automation
- The testing environment is an IDE.
- Takes a long time to be developed and has a complex procedure.
- Flows have to be defined manually along with other properties including the BDD style, the test code, and reusable functions have to be coded using languages like Java and JS, and the objects have to be defined and the test steps are structured page based.
- Requires proactive changes when it comes to maintenance.
- It can test the following: Functional, API and Load.
- It can test all types of apps.
Upon looking at a few of the differences between the two, we can not necessarily say that one is better than the other. On taking a closer look we may spot certain aspects of both that we want to implement in order to make the testing process more efficient.
In order to produce quality output, make sure that the software produced gives the expected results while testing them. So clearly understand the market transformation and make the best use of both the ML-based test automation and traditional test automation methods.
Published at DZone with permission of Raj Ven. See the original article here.
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