Whilst the traditional image of a psychopath tends to involve the kind of deviant characters you see chopping people up in Hollywood slasher flicks, there is a substantial amount of research suggesting that our workplaces have a reasonable number of them. Interestingly, it's been suggested that the boardroom is the place with the highest volume of people with psychopathic tendencies.
Now, of course, it's worth remembering that not all psychopathic tendencies are negative, and indeed it's quite likely that we each have a bit of psycho in us.
This summer saw the publication of an extensive survey in the journalScientific American Mindthat set out to provide a much more comprehensive overview of psychopathic traits and how common they are in the population.
The survey, which involved over 3,000 people, asked participants to complete a 56 item test of psychopathic traits. The test, known asThe Psychopathic Personality Inventory, was completed alongside demographic questions about each participant, such as their occupation, religion and political leanings.
The likely psychopaths in the workplace
The study revealed a number of correlations that suggest who may or may not be classed as a psychopath in our workplaces. For instance, as predicted at the start of this post, those in management positions scored higher on the psycho scale than their colleagues from non-managerial positions. They scored particularly highly on the 'fearless dominance' trait, which is characterised by a confidence in risk taking when faced with a challenging situation.
This was mirrored in the occupations that typically attract psychopaths. The survey revealed that they tended to be attracted to high risk professions such as the military or the sporting world. These professionals scored highly on cold heartedness, self centered impulsivity and also fearless dominance.
The psychopathic religions
Interestingly, it emerged that non-religious people tended to score higher than their religious peers for psychopathic traits in general, but specifically on self-centered impulsivity and cold heartedness.
There were also political distinctions revealed, with conservatives tending to score higher than liberals. Interestingly, western European participants also scored higher than their American peers, particularly on traditionally non-European traits such as self centered impulsivity and cold heartedness.
A note of caution
Now, it should be said that the data for the survey was all self-reported, so has to be taken with a dose of salt. I've written a few times about our general lack of self-awareness, so it's quite possible people are reporting on the kind of people they think they are rather than the kind of people they actually are.
It is also unclear whether there is any causality in the results. Do management roles bring out the psychopath in us for instance, or are psychopaths attracted to management roles? The survey provides no such insights.
Nevertheless, as a study of psychopathic traits, it does provide an unchartered glimpse into a wide cross section of the general population, and does raise a number of fascinating questions that should prompt further study into this topic.
The authors conclude that their findings are"consistent with the hypothesis [that] at least some psychopathic traits ... are linked to adaptive attributes in everyday life, including leadership positions, management positions, and high-risk occupations."
Do you recognize any of them in yourself or your colleagues?