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Why You Should Use Puppeteer For Testing

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Why You Should Use Puppeteer For Testing

Take a look at Puppeteer and how it can give you a great amount of control over your performance testing with headless Chrome.

· Performance Zone ·
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Over the past decade, the world has seen an emergence of powerful Javascript-based web apps, while new frameworks have evolved. These frameworks challenged issues that had long been associated with crippling website performance. Interactive UI elements, seamless speed, and impressive styling components have started co-existing within a website without compromising the speed heavily. CSS and HTML is now injected into JS instead of vice versa because JS is simply more efficient. While the use of these JavaScript frameworks have boosted the performance, it has taken a toll on the testers.

Testing and debugging has become more and more complex. Puppeteer has been introduced as a Node library to enable Chrome browser testing.

Headless Browser

As the name itself indicates, headless browsers are the browsers that run as an app process without any user interface elements. Headless browsers, like Headless Chrome, are simply faster, consumes less memory, more flexible, and are steadier under automation stress.

Google has been working to ensure that proper support is provided for the DevTools ecosystem. With the use of Puppeteer, web crawling, scraping, and launching automated scripts can now be accomplished with less effort and more stability than before.

Automation Made Easy

Selenium leads the industry when it comes to automation testing. This wonderful open sourced tool has been accepted by the testing community with open arms. But, and this is a big but, Selenium testing requires installed browsers whether the Selenium is installed on a cloud or on a local machine. Add in the complexity of integrations with the variety of components, and it becomes too hard for the process to run smoothly.

Headless Chrome has become the go-to browser when it comes to using automated scripts into the browser. Use of Karma, Mocha, and Puppeteer along with it has suddenly made testing using automated scripts easier.

Visual UI Regression Testing

Puppeteer can be used for regression testing of various UI elements. To test the UI of the website it is advisable to have the latest Chromium version to ensure better API control. Usually, Mocha is used along with Puppeteer in order to have regressive testing on the various UI features. In addition, Mocha provides you with hooks that can be used before or after testing.

Puppeteer is successful mainly because it simplifies the functionalities related to automated tasks performed on browsers.

Screenshot Testing

The ultimate trio of Jest, Headless Chrome, and Puppeteer can be used for screenshot-based testing. In fact, LambdaTest’s Automated Screenshot feature leveraged all three of these tools to take screenshots across multiple Chrome browsers. You can easily capture React trees and other serializable values and use them to analyze the state changes while testing. Jest comes with the powerful React ecosystem and its integration paves the way for the JavaScript elements to be tested with ease.

Puppeteer-screenshot-tester is a library in Puppeteer itself that allows screenshots to be generated while testing. Similarly, ava-puppeteer is another library that is available on GitHub that will soon be available on npm.

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Performance Testing

Using Puppeteer, performance metrics can be measured and analyzed in order to optimize the website for different devices and network speeds. Chrome provides DevTools that enable recording of the Performance Timeline that when automated reveals the problems associated with performance. Puppeteer has high-level API control over Chrome Developers Tools Protocol. The proficiency of Puppeteer to easily handle asynchronous elements and their behavior with respect to the DOM state change. You can even save the performance data as JSON file.

Put it like this: when you use Puppeteer, you are the Puppeteer. You can exercise control over the service workers and test the caching as well as the loading time of a website with or without cache time. Website response time can be tracked using responseEnd, along with influence of network bandwidth and latency related issues.

Load Testing using Puppeteer

Load Test is simply accounting for the maximum number of instances that you can probably run on your site. Multiple Puppeteer instances can be launched parallely with ease through which you can load test the website under review.

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Puppeteer is true to its name, as you have a heavenly command over your headless chrome with which you have the ability to launch many test instances on a single or multiple browser session.

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$ puppeteer-loadtest --s=120 --c=40 --file=XYZ.js


End to End Testing

End to end or acceptance testing is often considered one of the least popular testing methods. Selenium was used earlier for acceptance testing, and it is quite error prone and has a lot of bugs. Then came Puppeteer with improved focus on the API control that helped disentangle the complications that came in the form of bugs. One of the superpowers of Puppeteer that it doesn’t need to know about your stack and can work with any framework, be it React, Angular or any other library.

Conclusion

The success of Puppeteer with Chrome can’t be reduced only to its efficiency; the fact that it is Google-backed is also the reason why it has been accepted and recognized globally. The biggest problem, however, is that while its integrity with headless Chrome is brilliant, with other browsers it may falter.

Having said that I strongly believe that this tool will flourish with the ever-expanding Google ecosystem. The future shines brightly for Puppeteer.

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Topics:
performance testing ,load testing ,acceptance testing ,javascript ,testing ,cross browser testing ,software testing

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