Will AI Help Make Society More Sustainable?
Will AI Help Make Society More Sustainable?
Since AI plays one of the leading roles in the ongoing technological revolution, we are wondering how it can help reach sustainable development goals.
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Over the past 200 years, a huge number of technical innovations have occurred that have had a powerful impact on all spheres of human activity. One of the most relevant innovations in recent years is artificial intelligence. In the U.S. anole, AI companies raised $6.62 billion throughout 2019.
Artificial intelligence is defined as the theory and development of computer systems capable of performing creative tasks that were traditionally performed by humans.
Technologies such as AI on an ongoing basis improve the quality of life of people around the world, making it more comfortable. Opportunities of the Principal Component Analysis (PCA) allow us to analyze huge arrays of data, make forecasts and use technology to carry out complex and routine work.
This way, AI can transform many important industries that pursue Sustainable Development Goals. Let’s review the most important ones.
Merging AI With Environment Protection Values
Active use of natural resources and high production rates have led to environmental degradation in the world. AI technologies can be actively used to solve problems related to climate change and the preservation of biodiversity.
The key advantages of using AI in ecology are the ability to accelerate information transfer and access, automate routine operations, perform complex tasks, process large arrays of territories inaccessible to humans, and more.
Here are some prominent examples of AI-based apps that help preserve our nature:
- Ocean pollution: autonomous boats are equipped with meteorological and oceanographic sensors, thanks to which scientists collect data on the state of the ocean and climate change.
- Conservation of biodiversity: UAV (drone) flies above the surface of the water, looking for whales, and picks up drops of water exhaled by animals, which are then sent for analysis.
- Agriculture: a system for monitoring agricultural land. Its main element is a robot, which is located directly on the field and monitors crops, then photos and video materials are processed by the software platform.
- Municipal solid waste management: drones are designed for sorting garbage. They are able to recognize the type of waste and decide what to do with it. The accuracy of their actions is 98%.
- Air pollution: the mobile application shows users the level of air pollution, which is determined by the photos uploaded daily by users in the database.
- Natural disasters: an app uses AI to timely predict and evaluate the effects of natural disasters.
AI Boosting Education
AI can be utilized for improving the quality of services in the field of education. It can be embedded in a platform that will help schoolchildren and students in matters of building a career or completing further education, or a program that allows teachers to automate the process of checking homework.
For instance, students upload their work to the platform, and the artificial intelligence program automatically checks their answers and determines the strengths and weaknesses of students. In addition, the software provides teachers with a detailed analysis of what their students have learned correctly and incorrectly so that they can adjust the curriculum for each student to suit individual characteristics.
Of course, the results of the analysis should be checked by teachers, but thanks to the program they can save about 70% of the time spent on testing, and spend more time communicating with students.
The Role of AI in Improving Healthcare and Social Security
AI solutions can propose more accurate diagnoses by reducing the impact of the human factor and automating many related processes. There is already a program on the market that analyzes the data of computer and magnetic resonance imaging, as well as x-rays, and then makes a diagnosis. At the moment, with its help, doctors can automatically detect 17 different diseases.
Overall, AI-based apps for healthcare can:
- improve the quality of health services including preventive ones,
- predict the occurrence of disease and disease development,
- accurately diagnose or identify diseases in the early stages
- assist in drug selection,
- increase accuracy of surgical interventions,
- reduce threats of a pandemic,
- automate lots of healthcare processes
AI can also enhance personal security by analyzing suspicious actions recorded with cameras in the city (as in the smart city concept) and making instant reports. For example, in connection with the regular recurrence of cases when police officers exerted severe physical pressure on citizens, one of the US state’s universities has developed a program that analyzes, monitors, and transmits data on such cases to the appropriate authorities.
Thanks to this system, employees located in the “risk zone” are effectively identified and measures are taken to improve their interaction with the public.
The Use of AI for Business Sustainability
If society manages to strengthen the economy, it will be able to focus on further intellectual and technological progress and shift to a sustainable mindset. The use of artificial intelligence technologies for the improvement of economic processes can change our image of the way business is usually done. The activities that need to undergo the most significant changes are:
One of the most obvious areas, in which changes occur thanks to AI, is the supply chain. The entire process from the online ordering of goods to delivery to the final consumer is provided by data. This is where machine learning technology can be applied.
Such programs are capable of foreseeing the possibility of force majeure occurring at various stages of delivery, analyze consumer behavior to optimize warehouses and storage facilities. In addition, AI can create the fastest and most optimal delivery routes.
One of the main problems of conducting trade in modern conditions is the observance of a huge number of contract terms, legislative acts, and other regulations, which are constantly and rapidly changing. Using AI allows business to increase the effectiveness of software used for such purposes and eliminate the need for human control of all business processes of the manufacturer.
A special role is played by IT in the control of financial flows and contracts concluded with various financial instruments. The introduction of AI in the financial sector allows us to continuously monitor transactions, identify customers, collect and analyze large amounts of data while leaving top decision-making for top managers.
Classification of Goods
The cross-border movement of goods requires the use of goods classification systems (for example, the harmonized system). For tax purposes, it is important for exporters and importers to correctly classify goods and determine their code. This is done by highly qualified specialists and takes quite a long time. The use of AI in this area can significantly reduce costs and save time on passing mandatory trading procedures.
We can safely state that AI can make a significant contribution to achieving the goals of sustainable development. Generally speaking, the main advantages of introducing AI technologies are concentrated around reducing production costs, simplification of general trading procedures and ease of compliance control process. It is important that all of the above advantages can be achieved without a systemic risk of human error due to machine learning technology and deep learning technologies.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.