This year I am experimenting with scaffolding to help students get started with projects. For example I started one group with a project to calculate BMI (Body Mass Index). The students were given a project with the code that calculated the BMI and asked to add code to display a message based on that value. Not a lot of code and having the project that far along meant that they could spend all of their time on the if statements that were the topic of the current discussion. It worked out pretty well I thought.