Leveraging AI and Machine Learning Technology For Medical Imaging
A medical imaging technology In mammography that incorporates artificial intelligence (AI) has proved beneficial to breast cancer patients.
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Breast cancer has been prevalent among females for some decades. However, it is the most pernicious cause of mortality among women worldwide — the data released by premier medical research organizations states so. “In 2020, there were 2.3 million women diagnosed with breast cancer and 685 000 deaths globally. As of 2020, 7.8 million women alive have been diagnosed with breast cancer in the past 5 years, making it the world’s most prevalent cancer,” the World Health Organisation (WHO) points out in its recent report on breast cancer. Early diagnosis is the only lifeguard — and employing machine learning in medical imaging can precede the path to wellness and reduced mortality rate.
Since early detection of breast cancer is the only way to restore well-being, medical technology advancements can be brought well to the rescue. Integrating deep learning in medical image analysis has proven to be a game-changer in overpowering the diagnostic challenges cropping up during cancer treatment. Medical imaging technology that has been explicitly developed for detecting breast cancer symptoms at an earlier stage provides significant aid for the timely and accurate screening of breast cancer in women.
Precision in Cancer Detection Through Deep Learning Medical Segmentation
Medical segmentation is the process of partitioning the abnormal part from the standard part. Each identified region represents the information it belongs to and structuring elements to differentiate the abnormality. The main aim of segmentation in the CAD model is mass segmenting from the breast tissue. The presence of any mass identifies an abnormality in mammography. The shape, the margin, and the intensity of a mass abnormality help determine its nature. Circular objects have a tendency to have a high intensity, but they can be difficult to define.
Training a medical system is too complicated, particularly when it comes to building a machine learning model that promises precision. Going back to the history of medical equipment manufacturing, it is evident that no such computer-aided system has been developed so far that can reach 100% accuracy till today. However, with more medical datasets and data annotation & labeling techniques, developing avant-garde AI medical imaging systems has been possible. Unfortunately, these, unfortunately, these models may not promise 100% accuracy. However, the new AI-integrated computer-aided medical imaging systems can show more precise diagnostic results than the older cancer detection methods.
How Helpful Are Computer-Based Cancer Diagnostics?
Mammography, the medical imaging tool that works in concert with artificial intelligence (AI), has proven to be of remedial aid for those who have breast cancer.
The tool responds well to ensure early breast cancer diagnosis, resulting in reduced global death tolls, particularly minimizing the deaths of women claimed by breast cancer. The challenge, however, is that mammograms produced by low radiation X-rays are difficult to interpret, especially in a screening context. The sharpness and accuracy of screening depend on image quality and unclear evidence available in the image.
The radiologists find it challenging to interpret digital mammography. Hence, computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) technology can be helpful in improving the performance of radiologists by cost-effectively increasing the accuracy rate. Current research focuses on integrating machine learning in medical imaging and further designing and developing such AI-based medical imaging and analysis systems and techniques that can detect the abnormality features, classify them, and provide visual proof to radiologists about even the mild signs of cancer development in women breasts.
How AI Can Improve Radiology Practices for More Precision?
The computer-based methods are more suitable for detecting mass in mammography, feature extraction, and classification. The proposed CAD system addresses several steps: preprocessing, deep learning medical image segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. Though commercial CAD systems enable radiologists to identify subtle signs for breast cancer detection, the classification remains difficult. Therefore, artificialTherefore, artificial intelligence and machine learning models based on AI have the potential for developing advanced cancer diagnostic tools and techniques that can set the stage for innovation in medical imaging that is more reliable for early breast cancer detection in women.
Improving Cancer Diagnostic Methodology With AI-Based Machine Learning
To diagnose breast cancer, physicians need to analyze, characterize, and integrate numerous clinical and mammographic variables, which can be time-consuming, complex, and error-prone. There are other factors that lead to the decreased positive predictive value of mammography imaging. Easily accessible medical datasets powered up the data annotation process to develop practical AI-based medical imaging devices. When computer models are integrated into the interpretation of radiological images, the accuracy of interpretation can be enhanced.
Therefore, CAD models help detect breast cancer early and analyze it accurately while also detecting abnormality and identifying its type. Since 1980, several preprocessing methods for mammography images have been reported because of their influence on cancer detection. Preprocessing of mammography explored that the selection of significant parameters for quality improvement influences the efficiency of the CAD system.
Machine learning and medical imaging need to work in an intertwined setting to provide radiologists with more accurate results for breast cancer detection. Artificial intelligence has yet to be explored to develop precision-procuring machine learning models. Machine learning and medical imaging are the twin medical and technological processes that need to go hand-hand-hand to bring forth advanced medical practices.
The precision we see at the front end in medical imaging and cancer diagnostic devices is backed by accurate back-end processes such as collecting the correct data set and annotating and labeling the medical datasets. For an AI-based medical imaging device that promises accuracy in medical diagnostic results, it is essential to get to the core of the process, i.e., preparing the right training data for machine learning models with the right set of annotated and labeled data.
Published at DZone with permission of Roger Brown. See the original article here.
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