Best 10 Front-End Technologies for Web Development
Explaining the pros and cons of the top ten front-end technologies for web development, which have been instrumental in developing software applications.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
In this Covid-struck era, digitization has become more important than ever. Front-end technologies, such as front-end frameworks, have been instrumental in developing all software applications.
Although the back end is important, it is not the first thing users encounter.
Frameworks are small pieces of software that help with the development and maintenance of large projects. These modules include prepared code and basic software modules that programmers can use to solve general programming tasks such as handling AJAX requests or defining a file structure.
These frameworks define the rules for building the app architecture. Frameworks include code libraries, utility programs, and scripting languages. This software is used to facilitate the development and implementation of large-scale software products.
Developers don’t need to start new projects when there are frameworks. Instead, they can use the foundation to implement other features specific to their project.
In web development, the front end is the user interface that displays a website or an application's graphical user interface. You might say it is the interface users interact with and see on a website or application. Therefore, this section has to be designed in a manner that is user-friendly so that knowledge from the server side is effectively imparted.
It is powered by Facebook and has been widely recognized as an excellent library in the front-end toolkit. This coding style uses JSX, which includes a mixture of HTML quotes and tag syntax to create components. The large components are broken down into smaller parts that can be managed individually and separately. This feature will increase the developer's productivity.
- Component reusability facilitates collaboration and reuses in other areas of the application
- Virtual DOM can be used to achieve consistent and seamless performance
- It allows you to create components without classes and makes it easier to learn React
- These tools are extremely helpful and advanced
- It is hard to create proper documentation due to the framework's multiple and constant updates, which affects the learning curve for beginners
- Developers find it difficult to understand the complexities of JSX when starting with the framework
Used by: Groupon, Microsoft, Walmart, Netflix, PayPal, Google, Uber, Facebook, eBay, LinkedIn, etc.
Angular is the best front-end framework on the market now and is the dominant web front-end platform. This framework will allow you to create single-page applications that are efficient and advanced. It is a Typescript-based platform for development and was developed by Google. Angular is a component-based framework used to develop scalable web apps. It also provides a range of tools that developers can use for creating, testing, and modifying code and a collection of well-integrated libraries.
Angular can scale from a single-page application to an enterprise-level application, depending on your requirements. It offers many features.
- You can upgrade modifications made in the model to view or vice versa
- The code size is reduced because the most important features, such as two-way data binding, are available by default
- By defining the components as external elements, they can be decoupled from each other
- Dependency injection components can be reused and are easy to manage
- A large support and learning community
- There are numerous ways to accomplish the work as Angular is a complete dynamic solution, and therefore learning curve is steeper
- Dynamic apps can sometimes fail to perform due to their large structure and complexity
Used by: Gmail, Upwork, PayPal, Forbes, Xbox, Deutsche Bank, Santander, Blender, Microsoft Office, etc.
- Small and fast
- Simple syntax
- Detailed documentation
- Positive SEO Impact
- Two-way data binding
- No available plugins
- Language barriers
- Created by private individuals
- The developer community is small
- Not applicable to larger projects
- No powerful business behind it
Used by: Grammarly, Xiaomi, Adobe, Alibaba, Trivago, GitLab, Netflix, Facebook, Reuters, Nintendo, etc.
- Better reactivity
- Faster than Angular or ReactScalable framework
- Lack of support
- Small community
- Lack of tooling
- Not very popular yet
Used by: Chess, Godaddy, HealthTree, Philips, BlueHive, Cashfree, Rakuten, Razorpay.
- Adaptability in terms of adding and removing elements
- Streamlining the process of sending HTTP requests
- Dynamic content is allowed
- Slow working speed
- Many advanced alternatives are available
Used by: Bank of America, Uber, Udemy, Twitter, Twitter, and JPMorgan ChaseBank of America.
- You can find more than 100 available extensions
- Fewer requests to HTTP
- It's small
- In-depth tutorials
- Instead of storing data in DOM, it stores it in models
- Two-way data binding is not supported
- Perplexing Architecture
- Writing more code is required
- It is believed to be getting obsolete by many developers
Used by: Pinterest, Uber, Coursera, Master Card, Walmart, Reddit, LinkedIn, Roblox, etc.
This open-source framework is worth keeping an eye on. This framework can be used to create modern user interfaces, internet solutions, mobile apps, and other cross-platform applications.
It is important to follow the MVVM pattern. Ember automatically generates a test program for every new entity. This is an extremely useful feature.
- Consistent documentation
- Server-side rendering
- Widget-based approach to components
- Native testing and debugging
- The data binding is two-way
- URL-focused approach
- Well-organized community
- Rough for beginners
- Not very suitable for small projects
- Component reuse capabilities are lacking
- Little or no customization
Used by: Chipotle, Blue Apron, Nordstrom, Tinder, Netflix, PlayStation Now, Apple Music, Yahoo!, and LinkedIn.
- Organic code is self-explanatory in nature
- Responsive and rich UI components Integrations with Ember React and Meteor are possible
- Great selection of themes
- Relatively small community
- Not for beginners with little knowledge
- Few recent updates
- To develop custom configurations some proficiency is required
Used by: Kmong, Digital Services, Snapchat, Accenture.
Foundation, unlike other frameworks, focuses more on prototypes than production code. The teams can quickly move from a design to functional prototypes without needing to write code.
- Flexible grids
- You can create exquisite-looking websites
- HTML5 form validation library
- You can get customized user experiences for different devices and media
- Tough for beginners
- Fewer support forums and community forums.
- There are some competitors that are more popular than Foundation
Used by: Firefox and eBay.
10. Get in the Act
React is the most widely used front-end framework for front-end development, but it does have some flaws. This idea inspired the creation of a smaller framework that offers similar features to React. Preact, therefore, is a miniature version of React.
Both have the same API and use the same app development methods. Preact, however, is smaller and uses the fastest virtual DOM.
This template is perfect for small applications that don't require many integrations.
- React-style elements can be used, but it is built using Backbone and JQuery
- App development can improve performance
- All of these characteristics are embodied by the React community
- Incompatible with the React prototype
- No support is provided for React's synthetic event use
- No context support
Published at DZone with permission of Ajay Chaudhary. See the original article here.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.