Why and How Java Continues to Be One of the Most Popular Enterprise Coding Languages
This article will present an overview of how Java has grown into today's complex system and why it continues to remain a contemporary development environment.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
Java was created over 25 years ago, and it is still one of the most popular programming languages. This article will present an overview of how Java has grown into today's complex system and why it continues to remain a contemporary development environment.
According to The PYPL Popularity of Programming Language Index, in February 2022, Java was the second most popular language globally, and its use has grown by 1.2% compared to February 2021. This ranking is determined by analyzing requests for language tutorials on Google.
Java Origins and Evolution
The very first beta release of Java dates back to 1995. At its launch, the tech community considered Java the future language of enterprises, and this has proven to be true.
Java was initially developed by Sun Microsystems and then bought in 2009 by Oracle. Today, Java builds are available as Oracle's proprietary option and an open-source build called OpenJDK. The open-source approach helps to improve the code and deliver more enhancements and bug fixes than can be done by a single organization with limited resources. As a result, the code is being developed and released rapidly, especially after moving to a new release model. In addition, the long-time support versions are set to come out every two years.
Common Terms Defined
The Java Language Specification (JLS) is a technical reference that defines the code structure and syntaxis, including the important components such as the Java Development Kit (JDK), Java virtual machine (JVM), and Java Runtime Environment (JRE).
The JVM works with bytecodes and converts them into machine code. Java bytecode is a kind of object-oriented programming code compiled to run on a virtual machine. The JRE is intended for running all sorts of Java programs. There are numerous software tools within each of these structures aimed to ease the Java journey.
This short review of JLS already shows the complexity and all-purpose functionality of writing code.
Java Tools and Frameworks
The Java ecosystem is enriched by various essential tools built around it by both Java enthusiasts and corporate names. For example, native images made significant improvements in application performance and efficiency, and microservices reduced RAM spending and increased the scalability of complex applications.
The Java frameworks in the ecosystem allow for easier development of particular applications; among them are Spring Boot, Quarkus, Micronaut, and many more.
The platform's enhancements in recent years include lambdas, type inference, pattern matching, and records. These innovations brought the language's syntax closer to competitors in terms of convenience while not decreasing in safety—it is still a strong statically typed language—and still allowing you to use the most productive managed runtime in the industry.
The Java community has always been known for its modernized approach. As a consequence of this ongoing work, Java continues to be an important choice for developing robust, scalable, and multitiered applications for any business requirements.
Currently, there are several important initiatives at work to improve the Java platform and environment: the Panama Project, which aims to make Java more compatible with libraries written in other languages; the Loom Project, which will boost multithreading; the Amber Project, which has the goal of changing Java code in a way that will increase a developer's productivity; and many other projects.
This brief article has provided an informational overview of how the Java platform has been transformed over the years. All of the changes initiated and achieved in the Java industry aim to increase efficiency, save developers' time, speed up production cycle time, reduce the cost of development, and improve the usability of the language.
The bugs that continue to be found in Java software are nothing new. Still, regular practice in the development and an open-source approach play important roles in spotting and solving these problems efficiently and quickly. A strong community of both enthusiasts and corporate names is working toward a better Java environment. The way Java is getting modernized makes it one of the most popular languages to code in and a continual top choice for creating business applications for enterprises.
Published at DZone with permission of Alexander Belokrylov. See the original article here.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.