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CSS Clear Float

DZone's Guide to

CSS Clear Float

Clearly, this post is going to float your boat. But, bad puns aside, this is a great introduction to an interesting and useful CSS property.

· Web Dev Zone ·
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Deploying code to production can be filled with uncertainty. Reduce the risks, and deploy earlier and more often. Download this free guide to learn more. Brought to you in partnership with Rollbar.

A little while ago we wrote about the float property. So, now is a good time to explain the clear property.

The clear property is directly related to the float property. It specifies if an element should be next to the floated elements or if it should move below them. This property applies to both floated and non-floated elements.

If an element can fit in the horizontal space next to the floated elements, it will;unless you apply the clear property to that element in the same direction as the float. Then the element will move below the floated elements.

Every element created in CSS needs to have the quality design added.

The clear property can have following values:

  • None - the element is not moved down to clear past floats.
  • Left - the element is moved down to clear past left floats.
  • Right - the element is moved down to clear past right floats.
  • Both - the element is moved down to clear past both left and right floats.

Support

After consulting the Can I Use service, we see that the support is over 87%.

Examples

HTML

<div class=”container”>
  <div class=”left-segment”></div>
  <div class=”left-segment”></div>
  <p class=”text-clear”>Cardigan aesthetic direct trade, migas locavore shoreditch DIY bicycle rights lyft street art bitters.</p>
</div>

CSS

.container {
  border: solid thin #ccc;
}

.left-segment {
  float: left;
  background-color: #C98EED;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
  margin-right: 10px;
}

.text-clear {
  clear: left;
}

Here we can see divs that have float: left applied to them. After we have set clear: left to the text paragraph, it moved below the floated elements.

HTML

<div class=”container”>
  <div class=”right-segment”></div>
  <div class=”right-segment”></div>
  <p class=”text-clear”>Cardigan aesthetic direct trade, migas locavore shoreditch DIY bicycle rights lyft street art bitters.</p>
</div>

CSS

.container {
  border: solid thin #ccc;
}

.right-segment {
  float: right;
  background-color: #8FC9FF;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
  margin-left: 10px;
}

.text-clear {
  clear: right;
}

Next, we see two divs with the float: right property and a paragraph with the clear: right property. By setting this, the paragraph gets moved below the floated elements.

Now is a good time to add some formatting to the text.

HTML

<div class=”container”>
  <div class=”left-segment”></div>
  <div class=”right-segment”></div>
  <p class=”text-clear”>Cardigan aesthetic direct trade, migas locavore shoreditch DIY bicycle rights lyft street art bitters.</p>
</div>

CSS

.container {
  border: solid thin #ccc;
}

.left-segment {
  float: left;
  background-color: #8FC9FF;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
}

.right-segment {
  float: right;
  background-color: #8FC9FF;
  height: 200px;
  width: 200px;
}

.text-clear {
  clear: both;
}

Finally, the last example shows the usage of the clear: both property. The two divs are floated left and right, while the paragraph has the clear property added to it. With this, it gets moved below both of the floated elements. It's good to mention that this is the most commonly used clear property.

Summary

Hope this article will help you in your projects. Be careful when using this property, it is known to have caused a lot of confusion in the past. But, we are sure that after reading this article, you are good to go!

Happy coding!

Deploying code to production can be filled with uncertainty. Reduce the risks, and deploy earlier and more often. Download this free guide to learn more. Brought to you in partnership with Rollbar.

Topics:
web design ,css ,css float ,front-end development ,web dev

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