Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Test APIs in FitNesse - Part 1

DZone's Guide to

Test APIs in FitNesse - Part 1

A tutorial on how to use the open source FitNesse testing tool to create a simple test API.

· DevOps Zone
Free Resource

Download the blueprint that can take a company of any maturity level all the way up to enterprise-scale continuous delivery using a combination of Automic Release Automation, Automic’s 20+ years of business automation experience, and the proven tools and practices the company is already leveraging.

In my last article https://dzone.com/articles/a-quick-glance-at-fitnesse-testing, we had a walkthrough of how FitNesse can benefit testing an application and a high level overview of its Testing Architecture. In this article I will show you how to write and execute FitNesse test.

Prerequisite

  • Java 6 or later
  • Eclipse (or any IDE) - nice to have 

Create Calculator API

Let's create a simple java project 'Calculator' which will have a singleton class 'Calculator.java' and a method for addition of two numbers.

Image title

Install FitNesse

There is no special procedure for FitNesse installation. You just need to download the latest FitNesse .jar and execute it.

Image title

 By default FitNesse runs on port 8080. You can use any other port by providing argument -p <port_number> to java command line.

  • Verify FitNesse Web Server by opening url - http://localhost:9090

Image title

Create FitNesse Test 

It's time to decide test cases.

Image title

In FitNesse, tests are expressed as tables of input data and expected output data. A fixture acts as a mediator between Test Engine and System Under Test. Fixture accepts input data from test table and invoke necessary method of system under test, also it returns result back to test engine which generate test result based on expected output and actual result.

So, flow of a test case will be:

Image title

Generally, writing test case in FitNesse starts with defining table in Wiki, however in this example we will write fixture first. Fixture is a POJO class with additional method(s) for making call to system under test. You can save fixtures in same 'Calculator' project or create a new project for test purpose. In order to integrate with build process and continuous integration tool, it's better to save fixtures in same project of system under test however in this article we'll create a new project 'FitNesseTestSuit'.

Image title

Now, copy the FitNesse .jar, test suit .jar, and calculator .jar in a directory ('FITNESSE_ROOT') and start a FitNesse server.

Image title

Create a FitNesse Test Suite Page by adding new a test to the Wiki:

Image title

If you notice, on startup FitNesse server created a new directory 'FitNesseRoot', which contains the source of all Wiki pages. You can save the Wiki test cases as a part of the 'FitNesseTestSuite' source as well and reuse the same cases as FitNesseRoot. 

Image title

CalculatorTestSuite page is under FrontPage and can be accessed as below:

Image title

Run Test

You can run the test suite by executing Test Menu on page. You will get result of test execution as below:

Image title

Conclusion

FitNesse provides an Open Source testing framework which is flexible enough to support most testing needs. It is simple to install and integrate with your applications. In this article, we've seen examples of Decision Table, however you can use Query Table, Script Table etc. based on the need of your test case. In the next article we will integrate FitNesse with Continuous Integration Tool e.g. Jenkins.

Download the ‘Practical Blueprint to Continuous Delivery’ to learn how Automic Release Automation can help you begin or continue your company’s digital transformation.

Topics:
fitnesse ,automation testing ,java ,testing ,devops ,agile testing

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}