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Marshalling and Unmarshalling in JAXB 2.0

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Marshalling and Unmarshalling in JAXB 2.0

Take a look at how to marshal and unmarshal your Java objects and XML data with JAXB 2.0, a useful tool for generating XML schemas from Java code and vice-versa.

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JAXB stands for Java Architecture for XML Binding. It provides a mechanism to write Java objects into XML and read XML as objects. Simply put, you can say it is used to convert Java objects into XML and vice-versa.

JAXB provides a fast and convenient way to bind XML schemas and Java representations, making it easy for Java developers to incorporate XML data and processing functions in Java applications. As part of this process, JAXB provides methods for unmarshalling (reading) XML instance documents into Java content, and then marshalling (writing) Java content back into XML instance documents. JAXB also provides a way to generate XML schemas from Java objects.

jaxb


Features of JAXB 2.0

  • Support for all W3C XML Schema features.

  • Annotation support with the addition of the javax.xml.bind.annotation package to control this binding.

  • Additional validation capabilities through the JAXP 1.3 validation APIs.

  • Smaller runtime libraries.

Marshalling: Converting Objects to XML

In this example, we need to convert Java objects to an XML document. First, we need to create a POJO class.

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.*;

@XmlRootElement
public class Student {

    private String name;
    private int id;
    private String subject;

    Student(){
    }

    Student(String name,int id,String subject){
        this.name=name;
        this.id=id;
        this.subject=subject;
    }

    @XmlElement
    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }
    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    @XmlAttribute
    public int getId() {
        return id;
    }
    public void setId(int id) {
        this.id = id;
    }

    @XmlElement
    public String getSubject() {
        return subject;
    }
    public void setSubject(String subject) {
        this.subject = subject;
    }
}


In the above class:

  • @XmlRootElement specifies the root element for the XML document.

  • @XmlAttribute specifies the attribute for the root element.

  • @XmlElement specifies the sub-element for the root element.

Now, we will call the marshaller method

try{
    //creating the JAXB context
    JAXBContext jContext = JAXBContext.newInstance(Student.class);
    //creating the marshaller object
    Marshaller marshallObj = jContext.createMarshaller();
    //setting the property to show xml format output
    marshallObj.setProperty(Marshaller.JAXB_FORMATTED_OUTPUT, true);
    //setting the values in POJO class
    Student student = new Student(“abhishek”, 1163, “hadoop”);
    //calling the marshall method
    marshallObj.marshal(student, new FileOutputStream(“/home/knoldus/Desktop/student.xml”));

} catch(Exception e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}


Unmarshalling: Converting XML to Objects

try{
    //getting the xml file to read
    File file = new File(“/home/knoldus/Desktop/student.xml”);
    //creating the JAXB context
    JAXBContext jContext = JAXBContext.newInstance(Student.class);
    //creating the unmarshall object
    Unmarshaller unmarshallerObj = jContext.createUnmarshaller();
    //calling the unmarshall method
    Student student=(Student) unmarshallerObj.unmarshal(file);

    System.out.println(student.getName()+” “+student.getId()+” “+student.getSubject());
}catch(Exception e){
    e.printStackTrace();
}


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Topics:
xml ,java ,tutorial ,java objects ,marshalling and unmarshalling ,jaxb 2.0

Published at DZone with permission of Abhishek Giri, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

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