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Java Scanner: Text Parsing Made Easy

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Java Scanner: Text Parsing Made Easy

Java's Scanner class, and the occasional bit of RegEx, makes parsing text trivial. You can put this to good use in a number of ways, which we'll dive into here.

· Java Zone ·
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― Arthur C. Clarke

Java provides a Scanner class that can be used as a text parser. It accepts a regular expression as a delimiter and returns tokens separated by the delimiter. Let us look at some usage scenarios of the Scanner class.

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Count Words in a File

The default delimiter used by the Scanner is whitespace. It returns text tokens separated by whitespace. Let us use this fact to count the words in a file. The following code prints the value as well as its index from the file. Note that the Scanner implements the AutoCloseable interface so we can use it in try-with-resources block.

try (Scanner scanner = new Scanner(new File(filename));) {
    int nword = 0;
    while (scanner.hasNext()) {
    String sent = scanner.next();
    nword++;
    System.out.printf("%3d) %s%n", nword, sent);
    }
}


Read Text by Paragraph

Specifying an empty-line regex as the delimiter allows you to read text by paragraphs. The regular expression pattern specifies the multi-line flag, so use ^ and $ match at the beginning and end of each line, rather than the whole input.

try (Scanner scanner = new Scanner(new File(filename));) {
    scanner.useDelimiter("(?m:^$)");
    int ntoken = 0;
    while (scanner.hasNext()) {
    String token = scanner.next();
    ntoken++;
    System.out.printf("%3d) %s%n", ntoken, token);
    }
}


Scanner Trick: Read a Whole File

To read the whole file in a single String, use the following. The delimiter here is the regular expression for the beginning of the file.

try (Scanner scanner = new Scanner(new File(filename));) {
    scanner.useDelimiter("\\A");
    String all = scanner.next();
}


Summary

The Java class Scanner is used for text parsing. By setting the delimiter appropriately, various parsing tasks can be accomplished.

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Topics:
scanner ,java ,regular expression ,tutorial

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