Java vs. Python Comparison: The Battle of Best Programming Language in 2021
A guideline on Java Vs. Python to make informed decision about which programming language to choose for your next product development.
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Comparing two programming languages is similar to a comparison between two cars, where two different individuals may have different opinions on both of them. Well, as starters, computer programming languages have come a long way since their inception. Today, everything we dwell upon has to have a programming language behind it, easing away our troubles.
Two great examples to support the same statement would be the following. Let's start with Zoom, an incredible video-conferencing application on which almost today's world relies on was developed using JAVA and C++. The second example will be a food ordering application that again depends on several different coded script lines.
Coming back to this article's topic, and the things we are going to talk about while comparing two remarkable programming languages, Python (Snake) and JAVA(Coffee). We are going to evaluate the performance of both the programming languages based on several different factors. Some of our comparison parameters will include their popularity, syntaxes, performance ratio, and how good they both are for applications like Machine Learning, Data analysis, and so on. So without wasting any further time of yours, let us head to finding out which programming language would stand as an excellent prospect if you are learning it in 2021.
What Is Java?
Java, safe to say, is the most used programming language of this century. Probably, you can read this blog on this webpage because Java exists. It is the building block of almost all the modern IT applications we see around us these days. Perhaps the reason behind its popularity is its robust performance and comparatively easier to code programming language. Java is a multi-threaded secure language that helps the developer to create applications ranging from Banking to every sector you can probably think of or consider. Also, when it comes to processing a large pile of data, Java gets the job done with ease.
The write once, run anywhere programming language has come a long way since its inception under the development by Sun Microsystems. It is quite similar to C, but on the other hand, easier than it. Java also goes well when combined with Node JS, Android, spring in line to develop a large-scale application that is bound to perform.
Where Is Java Used?
The application of Java is widespread. As said earlier, almost all the IT applications we depend on today, in turn, depends on some great codes written on Java to function optimally.
Some of the most used application of Java are:
Development of Web Application: Java is the most go-to programming language when it comes to developing an ideal web application. So be it an eCommerce website or a streaming service platform you are looking to build, Java will surely come ideally helpful for you.
Development of Android Application: Almost most of us are already aware of the fact that most of the mobile applications we use these days are developed on Java; thus it is another place where the programming language prospers brightly.
Other Sectors: Apart from only application development with Java, recent times are also witnessing Data scientists using the programming language to analyze large data sets. Additionally, the development of many essential software tools greatly depends on Java.
Strengths of Java:
It comes for FREE; Java's greatest strength is that it comes for free to the developers.
Java also comes with an open-source library giving developers the upper hand of better application creation.
Java has an object-oriented approach that allows the developers to create new programs by simply reusing the codes.
The learning curve of Java is also on the shorter side, making it much easier to debug, compile, and code with it.
Java opens up the possibility for developers to access any API for their respective purposes.
Java also has a wide variety of open-source development, giving developers more options to create.
Top Companies Using Java:
Some of the top companies to implement Java for their development purposes are:
Top Java Libraries:
Some of the top Java Libraries are:
What Is Python?
Unlike the more complex Java, Python is a much more interpreted yet advanced programming language for general purposes, which is advanced and dynamic at the same time. However, Python these days has become the most preferred language giving C++ and Java a run for their money. Thanks to the simplistic approach that the developers of Python have focused on.
The codes in Python are easily readable and is also much easier to learn and adapt. Python is also in great demand for data science, web development, and other educational applications. Even the likes of Instagram and Google uses Python for their object-oriented viral programming applications.
Where Is Python Used?
Python, with time, is becoming a very popular language. As it is simple to code and correct, developers today rely on this programming language to develop their next application.
Some of the most used application of Python are:
Data science has become a breeze of air with Python, and full credit goes to how this programming language extracts vital information from large databases.
Desktop applications these days even rely heavily on Python to perform at their sheer best. The Python library Tkinter can be utilized in its entirety to develop user interfaces that inspire everyone using the application.
Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence are two such applications where Python's implementation has provided developers with great results.
Web application and Game development today also witness a surge in the use of Python and its frameworks to create beautiful applications that everyone can enjoy.
Strengths of Python:
Python is the most productive programming language standing today. The range of unit testing frameworks that Python offers is incomparable.
Libraries of Python are standard and have varied applications, including user interfaces, web tools, and other Python Scripts.
It is even more productive for the programmers as Python's extensive libraries are object-oriented.
The integration feature that Python offers is also nothing in comparison to all the other programming languages currently in use.
Top Companies Using Python:
Some of the top companies to implement Python for their development purposes are:
Top Python Libraries:
Some of the top Python Libraries are:
Java vs. Python – Popularity
There are a few differences between Python and JAVA when we are discussing the syntaxes for both of them. Python is more of a dynamic language where you need not determine the type of variables you are going to use on it. The interpreter of Python does that and runs a thorough check during the compilation process. Therefore, Python is quite similar to the English language, and so it is easier to code and understand. Also, there isn't any such need to use brackets in Python that make the code much more user friendly for beginners.
Java, on the other side, sticks to strict syntax rules set by its interpreter. It is more of a static type of language where the programmer has to explicitly declare all the types of variables he/she is going to use. If those variables are an anomaly, then the code will hesitate to compile at the end. Thus, it gets a little difficult for beginners to write code on JAVA.
Programming languages are not like Cars, where you can, simply, differentiate between the two by putting their speeds into comparison. Nonetheless, to know more about the difference in performance between JAVA and Python, you can head to the benchmarks game where both of them have been benchmarked based on their speed factor. However, you should always keep this in mind that performance is not the only factor that makes a language's execution speed faster. What really makes a programming language perform better is the application you will develop with it and the third-party libraries that the language has support for.
Which One Is Better for Machine Learning?
As you came across this fact above that Python follows a dynamic syntax, it gets much more comfortable for the developer to use it in its entirety. It also became one of the most preferred options for people from different backgrounds to try their hands-on coding and to know more about machine learning and bring the power of artificial intelligence in the projects they were working on in their respective field of work. Additionally, with an extensive ecosystem and large library, Python has to be the most used language for the development of AIs using ML.
On the other hand, Java also remains a great option to write codes on it for ML. The debugging options of Java is a lot easier, and thus have its use for large-scale applications.
Which One Is Better for Data Scientists?
As JAVA is relatively faster than Python in terms of speed and performance, it gets easier and quicker for developers to process and analyze several thousand libraries instantaneously for their data science applications. Python's implementation for different data science projects has brought in fruitful results. However, it is not going to be that efficient in enterprise-level data science applications.
JAVA or Python — Jobs and Salary Packages
For starters, none of the programming languages standing in today's day is of less importance concerning their demand and jobs associated with them. As the world is becoming smarter with every passing day, our applications are also getting dependent on powerful programming languages. In that case, learning both Python and JAVA today will land you a decent job. Talking about the salary packages you are going to receive, it depends on how skillful you are with the language. Nevertheless, it is always better to first master the language first before thinking about how much you are going to earn from it.
So as you came across this article, you would have understood that both Python and Java are popular, and at the same time, quite powerful programming languages to consider in 2021. Also, perpetual resources available for training purposes concerning both the languages will make the learning process for beginners a seamless one. Based on your business purpose and product requirement, you can choose an ideal programming language for you.
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