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Load All Implementors of an Interface into List with Spring

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Load All Implementors of an Interface into List with Spring

· Java Zone ·
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Last week I wrote a blog post how to load complete inheritance tree of Spring beans into list. A similar feature can be used for autowiring all implementors of a certain interface.

Let’s have this structure of Spring beans. Notice that Bear is abstract class, therefore it’s not a Spring bean. So we have three beas: Wolf, PolarBear and Grizzly.

implementors

In following snippet are all implementors loaded into list with constructor injection:

@Service
public class Nature {
	List<Runner> runners;

	@Autowired
	public Nature(List<Runner> runners) {
		this.runners = runners;
	}

	public void showRunners() {
		runners.forEach(System.out::println);
	}
}

Method showRunners is using Java 8 forEach method that consumes method reference.  This construct outputs loaded beans into console. You would find a lot of reading about these new Java 8 features these days.

Spring context is loaded by this main class:

public class Main {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		AnnotationConfigApplicationContext context =
			new AnnotationConfigApplicationContext(SpringContext.class);
		Nature nature = context.getBean(Nature.class);
		nature.showRunners();
	}
}

Console output:

PolarBear []
Wolf []
Grizzly []

This feature can be handy sometimes. Source code of this short example is on Github.

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