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React vs. Angular vs. Vue: The Complete Comparison

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React vs. Angular vs. Vue: The Complete Comparison

In this article, we discuss the positives and negatives of React, Angular, and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.

· Web Dev Zone ·
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One of the most important questions for any business willing to develop an application is, “which front-end technology (client-side) should we choose?” With so many options for JavaScript frameworks available, your app development team needs to be cautious about their choice.

This article will examine the positives and negatives of React, Angular, and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.

What Is Angular?

Angular is an open source, frontend web app framework by Google that has a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture and makes development, maintenance, and testing easier for developers. It’s great for building highly active and interactive web applications, but it is most popular for Single page applications.

latest angularjs release schedule

Latest Angular release cycle

Source

You may also like: Everything React: Tutorials for Beginners and Experts Alike.

What Is React?

Introduced by Facebook, React is an open source JavaScript library for building interactive, stateful, and reusable user interfaces (UI). It is good for rendering complex UI with high performances. It also works with the basic fundamental of virtual Document Object Model (DOM) to offer a highly stable web application.

React Native

React Native

What Is Vue?

Vue is a progressive JavaScript framework for building user interfaces. Vue is designed from the ground up to be incrementally adoptable. It comes with various optional tools for building user interfaces. Vue has a high capability of backing sophisticated Single-Page Applications when used in combination with modern tooling and supporting libraries.

Popularity

Well, if you see the analytics snapshot of Google trends, Angular was very popular until 2016, but from 2017 on, searches for React are steadily growing.

Popularity by Google search traffic

Popularity by Google search traffic

The Stackoverflow also shows the popularity of tags. Between “AngularJS,” “ReactJS,” and “VueJS” and popularity of React is clear.

Popularity by Stack Overflow searches

Popularity by Stack Overflow searches

With every new update, React, Angular, and Vue come with new features that further offer reliability and stability to the web apps.

Difference Between Angular, React, and Vue

diff. between angularjs & react js & vue

Differences between Angular, React, and Vue

Benefits of AngularJS

  • Web applications built on Angular run in any browser environment, regardless of the platform.
  • Two-way, or bidirectional data binding, ensure that data change in the model will reflect in the view immediately, and when data in the view changes, the model is also updated.

two way data binding

Two-way data binding
  • The pre-built material design components help in building a highly interactive and easily navigable UI for your mobile/web app.
  • The Angular Command Line Interface ensures easy updates of components from third-party which reduces the time to create apps and deploy the same.

Benefits of React

  • Virtual DOM helps React developers an easily render any changes in the application without affecting the other parts of the interface.
  • React allows users to reuse components. This makes app development easier and more efficient.
  • React uses Redux, which simplifies storing and managing component states in large applications.
  • Unidirectional data binding makes code stable and supports future development as the data flow is directed towards one direction.

choose between angularjs and reactjs

Benefits of Vue

  • One of the most significant benefits of Vue is its small size. 
  • It comes with detailed documentation.
  • It allows developers to write a template in an HTML file, JavaScript file, and pure JavaScript file, using virtual Node.
  • Its MVVM architecture makes it quite easy to handle HTML blocks.

Finding the Right Framework for You

Performance

Performance is the most important aspect of a frontend application. HTML requires much attention from the developers. Both React and Angular take completely different approaches to update HTML that in turn affect the performance of an application.

However, considering the direct changes in DOM in the browser, Angular is best suited for Single-page applications, where the content is updated occasionally. On the other hand, React can be selected for applications of any size, which needs content update regularly (for example Instagram).

While talking about Vue.js performance, its core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up & integrate with other libraries or existing applications. Vue.js also comes with virtual DOM delivering high performance and memory allocation.

However, these three frameworks are comparatively faster than other JavaScript frameworks.

Speed of Development

Though modification is easy with both React and Angular, the speed of your application depends on the number of libraries with the functionalities that are available to the developers. React’s architecture is easier to scale than Angular, but developing a web app in Angular is faster than React.

For rendering a relatively complex UI with some user interaction, all three frameworks are a great choice. But, if you are looking for something that you can add to your app instantly, Vue is an excellent choice. Vue makes it easy to go from prototype to product.

Application Size

Angular holds all the necessary parts of a Minimum Viable Product to produce a fully functional Single-page application. If you want to regulate the size of your app and keep it small and compact, then Angular is the best choice.

On the other hand, React is a great choice for applications that you desire to expand in the future across multiple operating systems.

Vue's core library is created to be focused and flexible. As a result, Vue is great for applications of any size: single-file components, highly modular component interface, platform options with Vue CLI3, etc. So, if you are using it for a moderately complex single page or larger-scale app that includes navigation between multiple pages, it will work well.

Some popular examples of these JS frameworks

angular react vue_table

Conclusion

While React gives you flexibility and simplicity, Angular is a comprehensive framework. But that doesn’t help a lot when developers don’t need most of the features that Angular provides. Due to Reactjs’s implementation with a virtual DOM, it guarantees better performances than Angular.

Being a progressive framework, Vue can be combined into an existing project. It comes with a vast set of tools and companion libraries that allow the framework to respond to the complex needs of enterprise-grade applications. Also, with Vue CLI 3 and Vue UI, it is great for quickly delivering MVPs. Vue is also a cost-effective solution for small and medium applications.


Further Reading

Topics:
angularjs, frontend, full stack, reactjs, reactjs vs vue.js, spa, web development

Published at DZone with permission of Anand Mahajan . See the original article here.

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