React vs. Angular vs. Vue: The Complete Comparison
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This article will examine the positives and negatives of React, Angular, and Vue and situations in which each is optimal to use.
What Is Angular?
Angular is an open source, frontend web app framework by Google that has a Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture and makes development, maintenance, and testing easier for developers. It’s great for building highly active and interactive web applications, but it is most popular for Single page applications.
You may also like: Everything React: Tutorials for Beginners and Experts Alike.
What Is React?
What Is Vue?
Well, if you see the analytics snapshot of Google trends, Angular was very popular until 2016, but from 2017 on, searches for React are steadily growing.
The Stackoverflow also shows the popularity of tags. Between “AngularJS,” “ReactJS,” and “VueJS” and popularity of React is clear.
With every new update, React, Angular, and Vue come with new features that further offer reliability and stability to the web apps.
Difference Between Angular, React, and Vue
Benefits of AngularJS
- Web applications built on Angular run in any browser environment, regardless of the platform.
- Two-way, or bidirectional data binding, ensure that data change in the model will reflect in the view immediately, and when data in the view changes, the model is also updated.
- The pre-built material design components help in building a highly interactive and easily navigable UI for your mobile/web app.
- The Angular Command Line Interface ensures easy updates of components from third-party which reduces the time to create apps and deploy the same.
Benefits of React
- Virtual DOM helps React developers an easily render any changes in the application without affecting the other parts of the interface.
- React allows users to reuse components. This makes app development easier and more efficient.
- React uses Redux, which simplifies storing and managing component states in large applications.
- Unidirectional data binding makes code stable and supports future development as the data flow is directed towards one direction.
Benefits of Vue
- One of the most significant benefits of Vue is its small size.
- It comes with detailed documentation.
- Its MVVM architecture makes it quite easy to handle HTML blocks.
Finding the Right Framework for You
Performance is the most important aspect of a frontend application. HTML requires much attention from the developers. Both React and Angular take completely different approaches to update HTML that in turn affect the performance of an application.
However, considering the direct changes in DOM in the browser, Angular is best suited for Single-page applications, where the content is updated occasionally. On the other hand, React can be selected for applications of any size, which needs content update regularly (for example Instagram).
While talking about Vue.js performance, its core library is focused on the view layer only and is easy to pick up & integrate with other libraries or existing applications. Vue.js also comes with virtual DOM delivering high performance and memory allocation.
Speed of Development
Though modification is easy with both React and Angular, the speed of your application depends on the number of libraries with the functionalities that are available to the developers. React’s architecture is easier to scale than Angular, but developing a web app in Angular is faster than React.
For rendering a relatively complex UI with some user interaction, all three frameworks are a great choice. But, if you are looking for something that you can add to your app instantly, Vue is an excellent choice. Vue makes it easy to go from prototype to product.
Angular holds all the necessary parts of a Minimum Viable Product to produce a fully functional Single-page application. If you want to regulate the size of your app and keep it small and compact, then Angular is the best choice.
On the other hand, React is a great choice for applications that you desire to expand in the future across multiple operating systems.
Vue's core library is created to be focused and flexible. As a result, Vue is great for applications of any size: single-file components, highly modular component interface, platform options with Vue CLI3, etc. So, if you are using it for a moderately complex single page or larger-scale app that includes navigation between multiple pages, it will work well.
Some popular examples of these JS frameworks
While React gives you flexibility and simplicity, Angular is a comprehensive framework. But that doesn’t help a lot when developers don’t need most of the features that Angular provides. Due to Reactjs’s implementation with a virtual DOM, it guarantees better performances than Angular.
Being a progressive framework, Vue can be combined into an existing project. It comes with a vast set of tools and companion libraries that allow the framework to respond to the complex needs of enterprise-grade applications. Also, with Vue CLI 3 and Vue UI, it is great for quickly delivering MVPs. Vue is also a cost-effective solution for small and medium applications.
Published at DZone with permission of Anand Mahajan. See the original article here.
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