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Sending HTTP and HTTPS Requests Using Groovy in JMeter

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Sending HTTP and HTTPS Requests Using Groovy in JMeter

Learn how to use Groovy and JMeter to send HTTP and HTTPS requests for your load and performance testing.

· Performance Zone ·
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In this article, we will explain how to send HTTP and HTTPS requests in Apache JMeter™, by using your own methods that will be written in Groovy, instead of creating them through the GUI. This is necessary when creating complex JMeter autotests because Groovy provides you with more flexibility. In addition, if there are changes in the API (for example, changing the URL or adding a parameter), you will only need to make the changes in one place.

Before creating methods for sending HTTP and HTTPS requests, you need to download the following JAR file:

In order to create your own method for sending an HTTP / HTTPS POST request, you need to do the following in JMeter.

1. Add a Thread Group: Right Click -> Add -> Threads(Users) -> Thread Group2. Add a JSR223 Sampler: Thread Group -> Right Click -> Add -> Sampler -> JSR223 SamplerJSR223 Sampler -> Language Groovy

In the JSR223 Sampler, add the following code example. You can adjust the code in your own script according to your specific needs.

import org.apache.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.RequestBuilder;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClientBuilder;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import com.google.gson.Gson;

List<String> sendRequest(String url, String method, Map<String,Object> body) {


        RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom()
                .setConnectTimeout(2000)
                .setSocketTimeout(3000)
                .build();

        StringEntity entity = new StringEntity(new Gson().toJson(body), "UTF-8");


        HttpUriRequest request = RequestBuilder.create(method)
                .setConfig(requestConfig)
                .setUri(url)
                .setHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "application/json;charset=UTF-8")
                .setEntity(entity)
                .build();

   String req = "REQUEST:" + "\n" + request.getRequestLine() + "\n" + "Headers: " +
                request.getAllHeaders() + "\n" + EntityUtils.toString(entity) + "\n";


        HttpClientBuilder.create().build().withCloseable {httpClient ->

            httpClient.execute(request).withCloseable {response ->

                String res = "RESPONSE:" + "\n" + response.getStatusLine() + "\n" + "Headers: " +
                        response.getAllHeaders() + "\n" +
                        (response.getEntity() != null ? EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()) : "") + "\n";

                System.out.println(req + "\n"  + res );

                return Arrays.asList(req, res);
            }
        }
    }

        Map<String,Object> map = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        map.put("Param_1", "Value_1");
        map.put("Param_2", Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4));
        map.put("Param_3", Arrays.asList("a","b","c"));

List test1 = sendRequest("https://hooks.zapier.com/hooks/catch/3320164/az95by","POST", map);
log.info(Arrays.toString(test1));


The code shown above does the following:

import org.apache.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.RequestBuilder;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClientBuilder;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;
import org.apache.http.entity.StringEntity;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
- Imports the classes required to send HTTP / HTTPS requests. These classes are imported from JAR files that are in JMeter.

List<String> sendRequest(String url, String method, Map<String,Object> body) {
}
- Declaring a method for sending a HTTP / HTTPS request.

List<String> - The type of data the method will return. A "List" is a data structure in which the data is displayed as a list. <String> means that the list can only store data with a String type. In our case, the list will contain a request and a received response that will have the data type String.

sendPost - Method name

String url, String method, Map<String,Object> body - The method parameters. In other words, the variables needed to send the HTTP / HTTPS request. In our case, to send an HTTP / HTTPS request, the following variables must be passed to the method:

String url - the path by which to send the request. In our case, this is https://hooks.zapier.com/hooks/catch/3320164/az95by).

String method - the method of sending an HTTP / HTTPS request. In our case this is POST

Map<String,Object> body - body POST request. The request body will be passed as a variable with the data type Map <String, Object>. Map is a data structure called "Mapping", in which data is displayed as a key-value. <String, Object> indicates that the key must have a String data type, and the value can be an object with any data type. Since our request body will be sent in JSON format, the Map structure is similar to the JSON structure.

RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom()
.setConnectTimeout(2000)
.setSocketTimeout(3000)
.build();
- Create an object that allows you to configure settings for the HTTP / HTTPS request.

.setConnectTimeout(2000) - A method that sets the time required to establish a connection to the host to which the request is sent. The time is specified in milliseconds (1 second = 1000 milliseconds). If the connection with the host is not established in 2 seconds (in our case with https://hooks.zapier.com), we will receive the following message: "org.apache.http.conn.ConnectTimeoutException: Connect to hooks.zapier.com failed: Connection timed out: connect"

.setConnectTimeout(3000) - A method that specifies the time during which the response from the host should be received. The time is specified in milliseconds. In our case, if no response is received within 3 seconds, then we will receive the following message: "java.net.SocketTimeoutException: Read timed out"

StringEntity entity = new StringEntity(new Gson().toJson(body), "UTF-8"); - Creating a StringEntity object that will contain the body of our request.

new Gson().toJson(body) - converting the value of the variable "body" to JSON format.

HttpUriRequest request = RequestBuilder.create(method)
.setConfig(requestConfig)
.setUri(url)
.setHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "application/json;charset=UTF-8")
.setEntity(entity)
.build();
- Creating an object that will contain all the necessary parameters for sending the request.

setConfig(requestConfig) - A method that sets the value of the previously created configuration settings for the HTTP / HTTPS request

setUri(url) - A method that sets the URL value to send a request

setHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "application/json;charset=UTF-8") - The method that sets the request headers. In our case, only the CONTENT_TYPE = "application/json header; charset = UTF-8" is set. If you need to set more than one header, then the setHeader () method is called as many times as necessary to add headers.

setEntity(entity) - A method that sets the value of the variable "entity" that was created earlier

build() - The final method that creates the HttpUriRequest object

String req = "REQUEST:" + "\n" + request.getRequestLine() + "\n" + "Headers: " +
request.getAllHeaders() + "\n" + EntityUtils.toString(entity) + "\n";
- Forming the variable "req" with the data type String containing information about the request that is sent

HttpClientBuilder.create().build().withCloseable {httpClient ->
httpClient.execute(request).withCloseable {response ->
String res = "RESPONSE:" + "\n" + response.getStatusLine() + "\n" + "Headers: "
response.getAllHeaders() + "\n" +
(response.getEntity() != null ? EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()) : "") + "\n"; System.out.println(req + "\n" + res );

return Arrays.asList(req, res);
}
}
- Creating an httpClient object that will send the request; the formation of a response; displaying the request and the response to the cmd.

Map<String,Object> map = new LinkedHashMap<>();
map.put("Param_1", "Value_1");
map.put("Param_2", Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4));
map.put("Param_3", Arrays.asList("a","b","c"));
- Creating the body of the request

List test1 = sendRequest("https://hooks.zapier.com/hooks/catch/3320164/az95by","POST", map); - Sending a request with specific values and generating the variable "test1" with the data type List, which will contain the request and response

log.info(Arrays.toString(test1)); - Displaying a request and response in the JMeter console

After running the code for execution, we get the following result in the JMeter console:

The image above shows the request being sent and the response received.

The cmd will also display the sent request and the received response, as shown in the image below.

If we go to the web interface https://zapier.com, we will see the request that we sent, as shown in the image below.

Now, this method can be added to the JAR file and called in JMeter, which reduces the time for creating tests.

In order to create your own method for sending an HTTP / HTTPS GET request, you need to do the following.

1. Add a JSR223 Sampler: Thread Group -> Right Click -> Add -> Sampler -> JSR223 SamplerJSR223 Sampler -> Language Groovy

In the JSR223 Sampler, add the following code example.

import org.apache.http.HttpHeaders;
import org.apache.http.client.config.RequestConfig;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpUriRequest;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.RequestBuilder;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.HttpClientBuilder;
import org.apache.http.util.EntityUtils;



List<String> sendGet(String url, Map<String,String> body) {

        RequestConfig requestConfig = RequestConfig.custom()
                .setConnectTimeout(2000)
                .setSocketTimeout(3000)
                .build();

        RequestBuilder requestBuilder = RequestBuilder.get()
                .setConfig(requestConfig)
                .setUri(url)
                .setHeader(HttpHeaders.CONTENT_TYPE, "application/json;charset=UTF-8");

        body.forEach({key, value -> requestBuilder.addParameter(key, value)});

        HttpUriRequest request = requestBuilder.build();

        String req = "REQUEST:" + "\n" + request.getRequestLine() + "\n" + "Headers: " +
                request.getAllHeaders() + "\n";

        HttpClientBuilder.create().build().withCloseable {httpClient ->

            httpClient.execute(request).withCloseable {response ->

                String res = "RESPONSE:" + "\n" + response.getStatusLine() + "\n" + "Headers: " +
                        response.getAllHeaders() + "\n" +
                        (response.getEntity() != null ? EntityUtils.toString(response.getEntity()) : "") + "\n";

                System.out.println(req + "\n"  + res );
                return Arrays.asList(req, res);
            }
        }
    }
        Map<String,String> map = new LinkedHashMap<>();
        map.put("Param_1", "Value_1");
        map.put("Param_2", "Value_2");
        map.put("Param_3", "Value_3");

List test1 = sendGet("https://hooks.zapier.com/hooks/catch/3320164/az95by", map);
log.info(Arrays.toString(test1));


The code shown above is almost identical to the code for the sendRequest () method. A significant difference is the addition of parameters and values to the request, as shown below:

body.forEach({key, value -> requestBuilder.addParameter(key, value)}); - Adding parameters and values to a request.

After running the code for execution, we get the following result in the JMeter console:

The image above shows the request being sent and the response received.

The cmd will also display the sent request and the received response, as shown in the image below.

If we go to the web interface https://zapier.com, we will see the request that we sent, as shown in the image below:


After creating your own HTTP or HTTPS request, you can run your JMX script locally on your machine, or you can run it in the cloud through BlazeMeter. All you need to do is sign up to BlazeMeter, upload your JMX script, choose the number of users and locations you want to run from, and run the script.

By running your JMeter script in BlazeMeter, you can scale your tests, but also share tests and reports with team members and managers, and get advanced reporting, like this:


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Topics:
load testing ,open source ,groovy ,performance testing ,apache jmeter ,jmeter ,http request ,https request ,performance ,tutorial

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