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Simple Java Program to Append to a File in HDFS

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Simple Java Program to Append to a File in HDFS

Get the code and instructions needed to build a Java program to append to a file in HDFS, using Maven as the build tool.

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In this article, I will present you with a Java program to append to a file in HDFS.

I will be using Maven as the build tool.

First, we need to add Maven dependencies in the pom.xml.

Now, we need to import the following classes:

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FSDataOutputStream;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.FileSystem;
import org.apache.hadoop.fs.Path;
import java.io.*;

We will be using the hadoop.conf.Configuration class to set the file system configurations as per the configuration of the Hadoop cluster installed.

Let's now start with configuring the file system:

public FileSystem configureFileSystem(String coreSitePath, String hdfsSitePath) {
    FileSystem fileSystem = null;
    try {
        Configuration conf = new Configuration();
        conf.setBoolean("dfs.support.append", true);
        Path coreSite = new Path(coreSitePath);
        Path hdfsSite = new Path(hdfsSitePath);
        fileSystem = FileSystem.get(conf);
    } catch (IOException ex) {
        System.out.println("Error occurred while configuring FileSystem");
    return fileSystem;

Make sure that the property dfs.support.append in hdfs-site.xml is set to true.

You can either set it manually by editing the hdfs-site.xml file or programmatically using:

conf.setBoolean("dfs.support.append", true);

Now that the file system is configured, we can access the files stored in HDFS.

Let's start with appending to a file in HDFS.

public String appendToFile(FileSystem fileSystem, String content, String dest) throws IOException {

    Path destPath = new Path(dest);
    if (!fileSystem.exists(destPath)) {
        System.err.println("File doesn't exist");
        return "Failure";

    Boolean isAppendable = Boolean.valueOf(fileSystem.getConf().get("dfs.support.append"));

    if(isAppendable) {
        FSDataOutputStream fs_append = fileSystem.append(destPath);
        PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(fs_append);
        return "Success";
    else {
        System.err.println("Please set the dfs.support.append property to true");
        return "Failure";

To see whether the data has been correctly written to HDFS, let's write a method to read from HDFS and return the content as a String.

public String readFromHdfs(FileSystem fileSystem, String hdfsFilePath) {
    Path hdfsPath = new Path(hdfsFilePath);
    StringBuilder fileContent = new StringBuilder("");
        BufferedReader bfr=new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(fileSystem.open(hdfsPath)));
        String str;
        while ((str = bfr.readLine()) != null) {
    catch (IOException ex){
        System.out.println("----------Could not read from HDFS---------\n");
    return fileContent.toString();

After that, we have successfully written and read the file in HDFS. It's time to close the file system.

public void closeFileSystem(FileSystem fileSystem){
    try {
    catch (IOException ex){
        System.out.println("----------Could not close the FileSystem----------");

Before executing the code, you should have Hadoop running on your system.

You just need to go to HADOOP_HOME and run following command:


For the complete program, refer to my GitHub repository.

Happy coding!

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hdfs ,java program ,database ,tutorial ,maven ,appending

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