Git Alias: Make Your Git Experience Simpler, Easier, Faster and Clean
Make things simpler and easier with these customizable Git shortcuts.
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An alias, or a shortcut, allows us to replace a long or less memorable command with a simple one. In this post, I will talk about Git aliases.
If you use Git on the terminal or command-line, And you don't want to type the entire text of each of the Git commands, you can set up an alias for each command using
git config. For example, you may want to set up:
$ git config --global alias.st status
Now instead of typing
git status, you just need to type
git st to check the status of your Git repository. Here are a couple of more examples you may want to set up:
$ git config --global alias.a add $ git config --global alias.b branch $ git config --global alias.c commit $ git config --global alias.co checkout $ git config --global alias.cob checkout -b
Another way of adding git aliases is to add it in
~/.gitconfig file. Just open the file with your favorite text editor and add aliases like:
[alias] st = status a = add b = branch c = commit co = checkout cob = checkout -b
Creating a Git alias can also be very useful in creating commands that are missing in Git and that you think should exist. For example, while unstaging a file, you can add your own unstage alias to Git:
$ git config --global alias.unstage 'reset HEAD --'
This makes the following two commands equivalent:
$ git unstage fileA $ git reset HEAD -- fileA
Obviously, it looks more clean and clearer to use the
git unstage command than the
git reset HEAD --.
Git alias is not limited for the Git provided commands only. You can also run any external command by adding
! character at the beginning of it. This is useful when you write your own commands that work with a Git repository. For example, we can make an alias
git ui to run
$ git config --global alias.ui '!gitk' $ git config --global alias.ui '!sourcetree'
Very much simple! Isn't it?
So far, I have talked about global Git aliases. But you can add repo specific Git aliases too. They are useful to override the global aliases. To add repo specific alias, edit the
.git/config file in the repo where you want to add the alias, and follow the same syntax. You can also add them using
git config without the
That's it for now. Add aliases to your Git repositories as you need them to make your Git experience simpler, easier, faster and clean. I hope you'll find it very useful in your daily Git usages.
Pro Git Book - https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Git-Basics-Git-Aliases
Published at DZone with permission of Monzurul Haque Shimul. See the original article here.
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