It's High Time to Say Goodbye to the LAMP Stack and Hi to the MEAN Stack
Looking for a new suite of technologies for your next web development project? Read on for an overview of the benefits of the MEAN stack for full-stack web development.
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MongoDB is a NoSQL database that provides flexible data storage layers, and Node.js keeps your server running continuously. It harnesses the potential for a faster computer network. Express.js standardizes web application development and Angular.js allows interactive gestures on web applications. Together, they form the MEAN stack.
Developers, who realized the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP) is not flexible enough to serve their purposes, are gradually making a move towards the MEAN stack. And it's high time you should too. There are many reasons to do so.
|MEAN Stack||LAMP Stack|
|Operating System||Cross-platform||Linux OS only|
|Database||MongoDB, a ‘non-relational’ database||MySQL, a ‘relational’ database|
|Structure||Slower and limited due to its blocking structure.||faster & scalable due to its non-blocking structure.|
|Technologies||MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, Node.js||Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP|
|Mainstream Backers||Google, IBM, Samsung||Oracle, Zend, Linux Foundation|
The MEAN Stack
Developers looking to host maximum user engagement on their web app choose the most feasible technologies and frameworks. There is a long list of technologies and the MEAN stack is a recipe to create modern web applications. Introduced in 2014, MEAN has transformed the way the web development process goes. As mentioned above, the four components in the MEAN Stack are:
Express.js, a backend web application framework running on top of Node.js.
The Database System: MongoDB
MongoDB has the best of both worlds. It has the fast, scalable key-value stores of NoSQL and the rich functionality of relational databases. Unlike relational databases, MongoDB stores BSON documents inside collections with active schemas.
While relational databases like MySQL store data in specific rows and columns, MongoDB's document data model stores data regardless of its structure and doesn't void existing authentication rules, data access, or indexing functionality. You can actively adjust the schema without interruption.
The Backend Web Framework: Express.js
Express handles the allocation of requests to different parts of an application (or to various apps running in the same environment).
Express executes the part of a web app's code that is responsible for business logic and returns an HTML file to be compiled by a web browser. However, Express mostly gives RESTful APIs that the front-end can access with a single line of code.
The Frontend Framework: AngularJS
Code for Angular applications can compile in the backend server rather than in the front-end browser, or as a native desktop or mobile app.
The Backend Runtime Environment: Node.js
Node.js is asynchronous and event-driven. That is, an application doesn't poll an acknowledgment to a request. It resumes other tasks in the meantime. Upon completion, a callback request informs the application and it can start other tasks for optimal resource utilization, which enables many parallel operations while scaling applications. MongoDB can work asynchronously too and, thus, works well with Node.js applications.
If you are still not sold on the MEAN stack, we will take you through why you should be using it for your next web development project.
Cost-Effective While Fast and Scalable
Advantages of Node.js
Node.js is a crucial part of the MEAN stack and is a very scalable and robust framework. Node.js is the runtime environment and is compliant with non-blocking input and output. Thus, a new query is handled efficiently. In the LAMP stack, the client had to direct a request for the query to be created. With Node.js, this all happens automatically.
The MongoDB Advantage
MongoDB is the database web developers need while managing huge amounts of data. The whole thing works like OOPs and makes way for easy, effective handling.
Open-Source-Edit the Source, Compile, and Install
The technologies at use in the MEAN stack are all open source. That is, developers get access to the code for each technology and can modify it to meet their individual needs. The technologies don't cost a buck to use and distribute, which means, not only can you use it for personal use but you can install them on your employees' personal workspaces.
Good Community Support
A large community of individual and corporate contributors and sponsors back the technologies in the MEAN stack and the MEAN stack itself. When you are unable to debug a nasty piece of code, there are people there to help.
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