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Java 8 Stream and Lambda Expressions – Parsing File Example

· Java Zone

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Recently I wanted to extract certain data from an output log.
Here’s part of the log file:

2015-01-06 11:33:03 b.s.d.task [INFO] Emitting: eVentToRequestsBolt __ack_ack [-6722594615019711369 -1335723027906100557]
2015-01-06 11:33:03 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package com.foo.bar
2015-01-06 11:33:04 b.s.d.executor [INFO] Processing received message source: eventToManageBolt:2, stream: __ack_ack, id: {}, [-6722594615019711369 -1335723027906100557]
2015-01-06 11:33:04 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package co.il.boo
2015-01-06 11:33:04 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package dot.org.biz

I decided to do it using the Java8 Stream and Lambda Expression features.

Read the file
First, I needed to read the log file and put the lines in a Stream:

Stream<String> lines = Files.lines(Paths.get(args[1]));

Filter relevant lines
I needed to get the packages names and write them into another file.
Not all lines contained the data I need, hence filter only relevant ones.

lines.filter(line -> line.contains("===---> Loaded package"))

Parsing the relevant lines
Then, I needed to parse the relevant lines.
I did it by first splitting each line to an array of Strings and then taking the last element in that array.
In other words, I did a double mapping. First a line to an array and then an array to a String.

.map(line -> line.split(" "))
.map(arr -> arr[arr.length - 1])

Writing to output file
The last part was taking each string and write it to a file. That was the terminal operation.

.forEach(package -> writeToFile(fw, package));

writeToFile is a method I created.
The reason is that Java File System throws IOException. You can’t use checked exceptions in lambda expressions.

Here’s a full example (note, I don’t check input)

import java.io.FileWriter;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.nio.file.Files;
import java.nio.file.Paths;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.stream.Stream;
 
public class App {
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        Stream<String> lines = null;
        if (args.length == 2) {
            lines = Files.lines(Paths.get(args[1]));
        } else {
            String s1 = "2015-01-06 11:33:03 b.s.d.task [INFO] Emitting: adEventToRequestsBolt __ack_ack [-6722594615019711369 -1335723027906100557]";
            String s2 = "2015-01-06 11:33:03 b.s.d.executor [INFO] Processing received message source: eventToManageBolt:2, stream: __ack_ack, id: {}, [-6722594615019711369 -1335723027906100557]";
            String s3 = "2015-01-06 11:33:04 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package com.foo.bar";
            String s4 = "2015-01-06 11:33:04 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package co.il.boo";
            String s5 = "2015-01-06 11:33:04 c.s.p.d.PackagesProvider [INFO] ===---> Loaded package dot.org.biz";
            List<String> rows = Arrays.asList(s1, s2, s3, s4, s5);
            lines = rows.stream();
        }
         
        new App().parse(lines, args[0]);
 
    }
     
    private void parse(Stream<String> lines, String output) throws IOException {
        final FileWriter fw = new FileWriter(output);
         
        //@formatter:off
        lines.filter(line -> line.contains("===---> Loaded package"))
        .map(line -> line.split(" "))
        .map(arr -> arr[arr.length - 1])
        .forEach(package -> writeToFile(fw, package));
        //@formatter:on
        fw.close();
        lines.close();
    }
 
    private void writeToFile(FileWriter fw, String package) {
        try {
            fw.write(String.format("%s%n", package));
        } catch (IOException e) {
            throw new RuntimeException(e);
        }
    }
 
}

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Published at DZone with permission of Eyal Golan, DZone MVB. See the original article here.

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