Kubernetes Installation in RedHat/CentOS
In this article, take a look at a tutorial on Kubernetes installation in RedHat/CentOS.
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Welcome! In this article, we are going to look at how to configure Kubernetes cluster for container orchestration.
Before reading this article, you should know basic core concepts of kubernetes components and basic administration in Redhat OS or CentOS
- Hosts - 2 or 3 Machines (node) requiredRAM - 4 GB
- Storage - 50 GB
- CPU - 2 CPU
Let’s start how to install and configure Kubernetes in Redhat Enterprise Linux.
Here we are going to configure Kubernetes cluster using 4 VM’s.
- One VM – Master Node
- Other three VM’s – Worker Nodes
Steps for Kubernetes Cluster Configuration
Step1: Set Hostname with its IP address
Add the Hostname of all Hosts with those IP address (Consider all Hosts or VM as Nodes)
Run the below command to go Hosts file location to change host name with its IP
“Hostname with its IP (We need separate IP for each host or node)”
We just gave the below names
- Master node name – k8master
- Worker nodes name – knode1, knode2, knode3
Step 2: Update OS
Keep the OS Up to date
Run the below Command to update OS
Step 3: Disable SElinux
By disabling the SElinux, all containers can easily access the host filesystem.
We can Disable SElinux by two methods
- Run the below command
- Go to SELinux configuration file and disable it
Run the below command
Step 4: Disable or Off the SWAP
By disabling the SWAP, kubelet will work perfectly.
Run the below command to disable SWAP:
Step 5: To Allow Ports in Firewall or Disable Firewall
By allowing the below ports or disabling firewall, all containers, network drivers, and pods are communicating across the kubernetes cluster properly
Run the following command to allow ports in firewall:
Run the below command to disable firewall (This step is not recommended for production environment, but in this article, we are going to do disable firewall)
Step 6: To update the IP Tables run the following command
By updating IP Tables, Port forwarding and Filtering process will work perfectly
Run the below command to update the IP tables:
Step 7: To Install Docker and Kubernetes in nodes, need to configure docker and Kubernetes repositories
Kubernetes: - Run the below command to add Kubernetes repo
Paste the below details in nano editor
You can see below screenshot I have added the above details in all four VM’s and save the file
Docker:- Run the below command to add docker repo
To download external packages:- Run the below command to get all docker and Kubernetes packages from docker and google repos without any issues
Up to this, you can see all the steps in below snap.
Step 8: To install the docker and Kubernetes components
Run the following command to install the Kubenetes/Docker (kublet kubeadm kubectl docker)
Step 9: To start and enable Kubernetes and docker services
Run the below commands to start:
Step 10: To run cluster configuration in Master node, this step should follow only in master node
Run the below command to start cluster configuration in master node
apiserver address must be masternode IP (10.1.5.46) address
You can see the below output
After the successful start of kubadm master, we need to run the above-shown command from the non-root or root user then only a user can control the kubectl commands.
Run the command
Run the command
Step 11: To check the all pods are running successful in cluster
Run the command you can see all pods in namespaces
You can see the coredns service not yet started, still in pending, So that we need to install flannel network plugin to run coredns to start pod network communication.
Step 12: To Install Flannel Pod network driver
Run the below command to install POD network
Now you can see coredns and all pods in namespaces are in ready and running successfully.
Step 13: To Taint master node as a Master
Run the below command to taint the master node and make as a master.
Step 14: Join the Worker Nodes to Master Node.
Run the token which produced by master node in other nodes to join to the cluster.
Run the command to check all the nodes are connected to cluster or not
Step 15: To Install and configure Kubernetes Dashboard
Run the Below Command to install the dashboards
Create a service account dashboard(username) for dashboard to access it
Run the Below command to give admin access to user(dashboard) to bind with cluster for accessing dashboard.
Run the below command to generate the secret key for user(dashboard), to access Kubernetes dashboard
You can see the generated key below, copy and save it.
To start the dashboard service, Run the below command.
Paste and Go to the below URL in Master Node and click the token radio button and then paste the generated access token.
After signing in you can see the Kubernetes dashboard
In the end, we completed our Kubernetes cluster configuration setup successfully.
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