Laravel vs. Yii: Best PHP Framework for Web Development
Laravel and Yii are two exemplary PHP frameworks for web development. Learn the key differences between Laravel vs. Yii and choose the correct one.
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PHP is a popular general-purpose programming language that is excellent for creating websites and can be incorporated into HTML. 3,090,319 active websites are still utilizing PHP, according to Built with. Other than PHP's fundamental functionality, developers have other options when it comes to building useful web applications. Laravel is a straightforward PHP framework originally developed as a superior alternative to Code igniter, which is often used for developing web-based or web applications. An open-source PHP framework called Yii Framework allows for the quick development of contemporary Web applications. Despite being both extensions of the PHP language, the two frameworks each have unique features that provide them a competitive advantage.
Components of Laravel
Some of the integral components of Laravel Framework are:
- Artisan, a command-line tool, makes it easier to create models and controls, schedule tasks, and execute a wide range of custom commands.
- Eloquent is a database interaction framework for Object-Relational Mapping (ORM).
- Supports all database formats using packages.
- Allows for versioning and database updates after migrations.
- Simple PHP code may be used in views thanks to Blade Template Engine.
- There are hundreds of Laravel standard libraries available.
- Extensive and practical government material that is constantly updated.
Components of Yii
Some of the key components of the Yii Framework include:
- DBMS that supports a wide range of DBMS, including PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite, Oracle, and others.
- Support for third-party template engines.
- Strong community support with several tutorials and official documentation.
- Gii extension accelerates coding to produce code automatically.
Key Differences Between Laravel vs. Yii
Although both frameworks are excellent at what they do and essential for web development, there are significant differences between them, including:
Both frameworks are compatible with PHP 5.4 or newer. Yii has all the required extensions built-in; thus, all that is needed to install it is to unpack the package into a web-accessible subdirectory. Laravel, on the other hand, may be installed using Composer or the Laravel installer and needs extra extensions like PHP JSON and MCrypt PHP.
Client-Side and Scenario-Based Validation
While Yii allows users to validate models in both forms, Laravel does not support either sort of validation.
Resource routing is supported by Laravel, but all controllers must specify the routes for each route. Yii's framework, by default, selects the routes automatically.
Only Yii enables automatically producing of frequently used interactive code snippets using a specialized plugin called Gii.
Compared to Yii, which only supports a meagre 2800 extensions, Laravel provides powerful extension support for over 9000 extensions.
Both frameworks make migrations relatively simple since they both have methods for ensuring that no data is lost when switching from one database structure to another.
Yii offers PHPUnit and Codeception out of the box, while Laravel offers PHPUnit and various Symfony testing components like Httpkernel, DomCrawler, Browserkit, etc., for detecting and debugging any bugs in operations.
For password security, authentication, defense against SQL Injections, Cross-Site Scripting, and other security risks, Yii and Laravel both provide solutions. While Laravel needs third-party plugins, Yii's role-based access control mechanism is more feature-rich.
Yii does not have a high learning curve; however, it does not have particularly good documentation. Laravel has vast, organized documentation with in-depth information, but the complexity makes it difficult to find the correct information quickly.
When it comes to audience, Laravel is a fairly narrowly focused framework that solely targets web developers. On the other hand, Yii has a wider clientele and offers support for system administrators, novice web developers, and other users.
Published at DZone with permission of Sandip Patel. See the original article here.
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