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Spring Data (Part 5): Paging and Sorting

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Spring Data (Part 5): Paging and Sorting

Learn how to set up pagination with Spring Data so you can organize and sort your information to your liking.

· Java Zone
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Download Microservices for Java Developers: A hands-on introduction to frameworks and containers. Brought to you in partnership with Red Hat.

Overview

When we perform bulk operations, like finding all "Person"s from the database or finding everyone based on a country, we often do the paging so that we can present a small data chunk to the end user and, in the next request, we fetch the next data chunk. By doing this, we see two main advantages.

Advantages

This method enhances readability for end users. If we show everything on a page, then it will be long enough to need a scrollbar. The users will need to scroll to find a particular person, which is bad UI design.

It also reduces the query time and enhances performance as, in spite of fetching all the data, we only fetch a small chunk of data — amounting to less query time. A lot of UI technology supports client-side paging, which fetches all the data, and, based on the request, shows paginated data. But that doesn't reduce the query time, it only provides the first advantage.

Disadvantages

To request every data chunk, a server trip is required. You can optimize it through caching, but when an end user is in the process of fetching data, another Person can be added to the system. If that situation, it might show as the last entry of one page and the first entry of another.

But we are always using paging to fetch a small chunk of data, rather than all of it.

Spring Data and Pagination

Spring Data provides support for pagination. It creates all the logic to implement paging, like a count for the rows for all the pages and more.

Implementing paging is very easy in Spring Data. We just need to follow the steps below:

  1. In your custom repository, extend PagingAndSortingRepository.

  2. Create a PageRequest object, which is an implementation of the Pageable interface
    This PageRequest object takes the page number, the page size, and sorts direction and sort field.

  3. By passing requested page number and page limit you can get the data for this page.
    If you pass a wrong page number Spring data will take care of that and not return any data.

Paging Code Implementation

1. Create a repository that extends PagingAndSortingRepository.

package com.example.repo;

import java.util.List;

import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.Query;
import org.springframework.data.querydsl.QueryDslPredicateExecutor;
import org.springframework.data.repository.CrudRepository;
import org.springframework.data.repository.PagingAndSortingRepository;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Repository;

import com.example.person.Person;

@Repository
public interface PersonRepositary extends PagingAndSortingRepository<Person, Long>,QueryDslPredicateExecutor<Person> {

    @Query("select p from Person p where p.country like ?1 order by country")
    List<Person> findByCountryContains(String country);

    List<Person> findPersonByHobbyName(String name);

    @Query("select p from Person p where p.id = ?1 and  country='America'")
    Person findOne(Long id);

}


2. Create domain objects.

package com.example.person;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

import javax.persistence.CascadeType;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.FetchType;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;
import javax.persistence.OneToMany;

@Entity
public class Person {

    @Id
    @GeneratedValue(strategy=GenerationType.AUTO)
    private Long id;
    private String name;
    private String country;
    private String gender;

@OneToMany(mappedBy="person",targetEntity=Hobby.class,
       fetch=FetchType.EAGER,cascade=CascadeType.ALL)
        List<Hobby> hobby;

public String getName() {
    return name;
}
public void setName(String name) {
    this.name = name;
}
public String getCountry() {
    return country;
}
public void setCountry(String country) {
    this.country = country;
}
public String getGender() {
    return gender;
}
public void setGender(String gender) {
    this.gender = gender;
}

public Long getId() {
    return id;
}
public void setId(Long id) {
    this.id = id;
}

public List<Hobby> getHobby() {
    return hobby;
}
public void setHobby(List<Hobby> hobby) {
    this.hobby = hobby;
}

public void addHobby(Hobby ihobby)
{
    if(hobby == null)
    {
        hobby = new ArrayList<Hobby>();
    }
    hobby.add(ihobby);
}
    @Override
    public String toString() {
        return "Person [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", country=" + country + ", gender=" + gender + "]";
    }
}


3. Fetch all Persons. Create a PageRequest Object with a limit of 1 and requesting for the first page.

package com.example.person;

import java.util.List;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.boot.CommandLineRunner;
import org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication;
import org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.SpringBootApplication;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.data.domain.PageRequest;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Sort;
import org.springframework.data.jpa.repository.config.EnableJpaRepositories;

import com.example.repo.HobbyRepository;
import com.example.repo.PersonRepositary;
import com.querydsl.core.types.dsl.BooleanExpression;


@SpringBootApplication
@EnableJpaRepositories("com.example.repo")
public class PersonApplication {

    @Autowired
    HobbyRepository hRepo;
    private static final Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(PersonApplication.class);

    @Bean
    public CommandLineRunner demo(PersonRepositary repository) {
        findAll(repository);
        return null;
    }

    private PageRequest gotoPage(int page)
    {
        PageRequest request = new PageRequest(page,1)
        return request;
    }

    private void findAll(PersonRepositary repository)
    {

        Iterable<Person> pList = repository.findAll(gotoPage(0));
        for(Person p : pList)
        log.info("Person " + p);
    }


    public static void main(String[] args) {

        SpringApplication.run(PersonApplication.class, args);

    }
}


Output

Hibernate: 
    select
        count(person0_.id) as col_0_0_ 
    from
        person person0_
Hibernate: 
    select
        person0_.id as id1_1_,
        person0_.country as country2_1_,
        person0_.gender as gender3_1_,
        person0_.name as name4_1_ 
    from
        person person0_ limit ?

Person Person [id=13, name=Samir mitra, country=America, gender=male]


Paging and Sorting Code Implementation

To do the sorting, we have to pass the sort direction and sorting fields along with the page number and limit. Suppose we want to sort by country name in ascending order — we modify the goto
 method like so:

private PageRequest gotoPage(int page)
{
    PageRequest request = new PageRequest(page,1,Sort.Direction.ASC,"country");
    return request;
}


Output

 select
        count(person0_.id) as col_0_0_ 
    from
        person person0_
Hibernate: 
    select
        person0_.id as id1_1_,
        person0_.country as country2_1_,
        person0_.gender as gender3_1_,
        person0_.name as name4_1_ 
    from
        person person0_ 
    order by
        person0_.country asc limit ?

Here we pass the ascending order and country property. And there you have it! This should help you get your data sorted and organized just how you want it.

Download Building Reactive Microservices in Java: Asynchronous and Event-Based Application Design. Brought to you in partnership with Red Hat

Topics:
spring 3.0 ,spring data jpa ,java ,pagination

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