Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Top 20 Git Commands with Examples

DZone's Guide to

Top 20 Git Commands with Examples

Now that you (presumably) know what Git is and how it works, take a look at examples of how to use the top 20 Git commands.

· Open Source Zone ·
Free Resource

DON’T STRESS! Assess your OSS. Get your free code scanner from FlexeraFlexNet Code Aware scans Java, NuGet, and NPM packages.


In the previous blog, you got an understanding of What Git is. In this blog, I will talk about the Top 20 Git Commands that you will be using frequently while you are working with Git.

Here are the Git commands which are being covered:

  • git config
  • git init
  • git clone
  • git add
  • git commit
  • git diff
  • git reset
  • git status
  • git rm
  • git log
  • git show
  • git tag
  • git branch
  • git checkout
  • git merge
  • git remote
  • git push
  • git pull
  • git stash

So, let's get started now!!


Git Commands

git config

Usage: git config –global user.name “[name]”  

Usage: git config –global user.email “[email address]”  

This command sets the author name and email address respectively to be used with your commits.

Git Config Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git init

Usage: git init [repository name]

 

This command is used to start a new repository.

GitInit Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git clone

Usage: git clone [url]  

This command is used to obtain a repository from an existing URL.

Git Clone Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git add

Usage: git add [file]  

This command adds a file to the staging area.

Git Add Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git add *  

This command adds one or more to the staging area.

Git Add Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git commit

Usage: git commit -m “[ Type in the commit message]”  

This command records or snapshots the file permanently in the version history.

Git Commit Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git commit -a  

This command commits any files you’ve added with the git add command and also commits any files you’ve changed since then.

Git Commit Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git diff

Usage: git diff  

This command shows the file differences which are not yet staged.

Git Diff Command - Git Commands - Edureka

 Usage: git diff –staged 

This command shows the differences between the files in the staging area and the latest version present.

Git Diff Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git diff [first branch] [second branch]  

This command shows the differences between the two branches mentioned.

Git Diff Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git reset

Usage: git reset [file]  

This command unstages the file, but it preserves the file contents.

Git Reset Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git reset [commit]  

This command undoes all the commits after the specified commit and preserves the changes locally.

Git Reset Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git reset –hard [commit]  This command discards all history and goes back to the specified commit.

Git Reset Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git status

Usage: git status  

This command lists all the files that have to be committed.

Git Status Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git rm

Usage: git rm [file]  

This command deletes the file from your working directory and stages the deletion.

Git Rm Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git log

Usage: git log  

This command is used to list the version history for the current branch.

Git Log Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git log –follow[file]  

This command lists version history for a file, including the renaming of files also.

Git Log Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git show

Usage: git show [commit]  

This command shows the metadata and content changes of the specified commit.

Git Show Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git tag

Usage: git tag [commitID]  

This command is used to give tags to the specified commit.

Git Tag Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git branch

Usage: git branch  

This command lists all the local branches in the current repository.

Git Branch Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git branch [branch name]  

This command creates a new branch.

Git Branch Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git branch -d [branch name]  

This command deletes the feature branch.

Git Branch Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git checkout

Usage: git checkout [branch name]  

This command is used to switch from one branch to another.

Git Checkout Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git checkout -b [branch name]  

This command creates a new branch and also switches to it.

Git Checkout Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git merge

Usage: git merge [branch name]  

This command merges the specified branch’s history into the current branch.

Git Merge Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git remote

Usage: git remote add [variable name] [Remote Server Link]  

This command is used to connect your local repository to the remote server.

Git Remote Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git push

Usage: git push [variable name] master  

This command sends the committed changes of master branch to your remote repository.

Git Push Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git push [variable name] [branch]  

This command sends the branch commits to your remote repository.

Git Push Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git push –all [variable name]  

This command pushes all branches to your remote repository.

Git Push Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git push [variable name] :[branch name]  

This command deletes a branch on your remote repository.

Git Push Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git pull

Usage: git pull [Repository Link]  

This command fetches and merges changes on the remote server to your working directory.

Git Pull Command - Git Commands - Edureka

git stash

Usage: git stash save  

This command temporarily stores all the modified tracked files.

Git Stash Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git stash pop  

This command restores the most recently stashed files.

Git Stash Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git stash list  

This command lists all stashed changesets.

Git Stash Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Usage: git stash drop  

This command discards the most recently stashed changeset.

Git Stash Command - Git Commands - Edureka

Want to learn more about git commands? Here is a Git Tutorial to get you started. Alternatively, you can take a top-down approach and start with this DevOps Tutorial.

Try FlexNet Code Aware Today! A free scan tool for developers. Scan Java, NuGet, and NPM packages for open source security and license compliance issues.

Topics:
open source ,git ,git commands ,command examples

Published at DZone with permission of

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}