Unit Testing Void Methods with Mockito and JUnit
This blog is a quick and simple guide to understanding how we can test void methods in Java with JUnit and Mockito and how it makes testing easier for us.
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Writing functionality is the main focus whenever we are writing a software program, but it is equally important that we make sure our code works the way we intended it to. And how do we do that? By writing unit test cases. They are used to test the smallest functionality of code. Unit test cases are an essential part of software development. In this blog, we are going to cover one of the testing scenarios and unit test cases for void methods.
How to Test Void Methods
As we already know that our aim is to test void methods in a class. But it is also really important to understand why we test void methods.
Whenever we write unit test cases for any method, we expect a return value from the method. Generally, we use assert for checking if the method returns the value that we expect it to return, but in the case of void methods, they do not return any value. So how do we check if our method is functioning properly? Let’s see using an example:
In this example, we are creating two classes:
Informationclass looks like this:
As we can see, the method
sendInformationForPublishing()is a void method. The logic for the method is simple. It takes a
Personobject as a parameter and passes the object to the method of the
publishInformation()is also a void method.
Let us now see how we can write unit test cases for this simple implementation.
Whenever we mock a void method, we do not expect a return value. That is why we can only verify whether that method is being called or not.
- Mockito provides us with a
verify()method that lets us verify whether the mock void method is being called or not.
- It lets us check the number of methods invocations. So, if the method invocation returns to be zero, we would know that our mock method is not being called.
The verify method takes two arguments. The mock method object and the number of invocations you want to verify. The expected number of invocations is passed in the
times()method. Let’s see how the test case will look:
As our function will call
publishInformation()only once, so we have passed the value 1 in the
times()function. We know that when our test case will call the mocked
publishInformation()method, it will not do anything. We need to let Mockito know of this behavior. For this, we use the
doNothing()method, which will, in simple terms, let Mockito know that it needs to do nothing when the given method is called.
If we change the number of invocations to any other value, the test case should fail.
Here I changed the number of invocations to 2.
The GitHub link for this implementation is provided here. Simply clone it; have fun!
Published at DZone with permission of Upanshu Chaudhary. See the original article here.
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