8 Reasons to Use Kotlin Over Java for Android Development
What are the biggest advantages of Kotlin over Java? Click here to check out the top eight reason to try Kotlin for Android app development.
Join the DZone community and get the full member experience.Join For Free
It's about time that you reconsider Java as your go-to language for your Android-based projects. And, it's about time to switch over to Kotlin, the (not so) new support language for Android development. But, what's behind its surging popularity amongst developers? In other words, what are the biggest advantages of Kotlin over Java?
Why should you even consider trying it as an alternative to the sometimes problematic, yet familiar and reliable Java? Now, here are some of the best answers to your questions:
First: What's the “Problem” With Java?
“Its age,” I should say.
Just think about it: Java was released 20 years ago. Therefore, it has been piling up a legacy baggage that's now dragging it down — each new version of Java has to be compatible with the previous one.
In short, competing with newer, lighter, more concise, expressive, and state-of-art feature-packed programming languages turns into an unfair challenge for Java.
Now, don't think that Kotlin's already eclipsed it! It's not even close — Java's still the official programming language for Android development.
Yet, it does start to show its limitations — and its age. The well-known issues challenging developers have started to grow from “all too familiar” problems to some major sources of frustration.
Its younger rival in Kotlin has two key advantages for winning over developers:
- It leverages precisely the language design expertise built up over these last 20 years since Java's been around.
- It's been packed with all the much-needed modern features that Java mobile developers have been longing for: programming language features that have already proven their efficiency with large-scale projects
Introducing Kotlin: The Newer Language Running on Java Virtual Machines
Now, if Java's been the go-to programming language for all Android matters, Kotlin here is the “one-stop language” for all application development.
Here's how Andrey Breslav', Kotlin project's lead, motivates JetBrain's decision to develop this open source, statically typed, (JVM-based) language in the first place:
“We have a huge Java codebase developed over a decade, IntelliJ IDEA, and we wanted to switch to a better language without abandoning the code we already have”.
Some of the main goals of Kotlin's development team are rapidly becoming some of the biggest advantages of using Kotlin over Java. Kotlin is:
- efficient and presents a familiar development tooling that is meant to boost developers' productivity;
- a good compiler;
- a seamless integration with the existing infrastructure (Kotlin's compatible with all Java frameworks and libraries, and it's designed to integrate easily with Marven and Gradle build systems, as well);
- and, provides an enhanced run-time performance.
Since it's completely interoperable with Java and designed to run on the Java Virtual Machine, you can use Kotlin anywhere that you'd normally use Java.
And, this “bi-directional use” of Kotlin will only enable you to:
- tap into the massive Java codebase that has built up over these last 20 years;
- and, leverage its modern features designed to streamline mobile development.
The 8 Biggest Advantages of Kotlin Over Java
Now, let's get straight to answering the question that's been bugging you:
Why would you even consider trying Kotlin in your future mobile app projects?
Here are the eight strongest reasons why, as an Android developer, you should start seeing this programming language as a viable alternative to Java:
1. It's Completely Interoperable With Java
As already mentioned above, one of the biggest conveniences with using Kotlin is that it's compatible with Java!
With all its tools and frameworks, you can just add these to your Kotlin projects — nice and easy —with no need to change the entire project in Java.
Therefore, it goes without saying that, once/if you make up your mind to switch over to Kotlin, migrating your project from Java is really a piece of cake.
2. It's (way) More Concise Than Java
And this is, undoubtedly, one of the biggest advantages of Kotlin over Java Android development: you are able to solve the same problems using fewer lines of code that can only translate into a more reliable code with fewer bugs and crashes on the UX side.
This is not to mention all the other benefits that derive from code conciseness, including code that is:
- Eeasier to maintain
- Easier to read
- Easier to apply changes to when needed
Some of Kotlin's features that are “responsible” for its code conciseness are:
- Data classes
- Smart casts
- Type interface
3. Safer Code
We've already settled that Kotlin's code is more concise, therefore it goes without saying that a concise, compact, and clear code is implicitly a safer code!
Being more compact, it allows fewer errors. And, I should mention here that it's by design that Kotlin prevents common programming mistakes, translating into:
- Fewer crashes
- A reduced number of system failures
“But, what do you mean precisely by “preventing mistakes from design?”
I mean that developers get encouraged to consider the potential issues that their code might present from an early stage of the app's development process. And, thus, Kotlin allows developers to be cautious and write more robust and stable code in production.
4. It Comes With a Smarter and Safer Compiler
Adding a good compiler has been one of Kotlin's development team's main goals when they created this programming language.
Here are some of the important aspects of the compiler in Kotlin:
- Detects errors at compile time, not at runtime, leveraging the “fail-fast” principle
- Performs lots of checks, reducing runtime errors and the number of bugs in the code
5. It's Easier to Maintain
It's not for no reason that Kotlin's a “one-stop language” for all application development — it supports lots of IDEs, Android Studio included.
Therefore, you're free to use all those already tried and tested development tools that you're comfortable with for maintaining your codebase at scale. This is another one of those "hard-to-resist-to" advantages of Kotlin over Java.
6. It's Been Created to Boost Your Productivity
Another one of the key advantages of Kotlin over Java is that it has been built with developer productivity in mind.
And, it goes without saying that enhanced productivity goes back to concise code itself, including to its intuitive syntax and its overall clean language design. It'll take you less time to write new code in Kotlin, to deploy it and to maintain it at scale.
And, there's more to boosting developer productivity in Kotlin than just its concise and clear code. In this respect, this language's been “equipped” with lots of powerful features that speed up every-day development tasks:
- Object declarations
- Parameter values
- Extension functions
7. It “Spoils” You with Better Support for Functional Programming
What does this mean?
It means that:
- You can improve your mobile apps' performance via inlining
- You can “joggle with” functional concepts in a more explicit and concise way
- This is because Kotlin allows you to have proper function types at hand to use in this respect
8. It Has Null in Its Type System
Nullability issues have been one of Java's well-known sore points.Since it's a common thing in Android for the absence of certain values to be represented as “null,” Kotlin comes to address these issues by placing null right in its type system.
Two things are for sure when comparing Kotlin to Java for Android application development:
- Java isn't going anywhere, and it will be a long time until it gets completely phased out by Kotlin.
- Kotlin, on the other hand, is here to stay and will get even more developer-friendly as time goes on. Specifically, Atlassian, Pinterest, Basecamp, Coursera have all implemented Kotlin's new features into their mobile apps
But, who am I to tell you that you should migrate from Java to Kotlin? I can only advise you to take it for a spin!
Published at DZone with permission of Adrian Ababei. See the original article here.
Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.