Over a million developers have joined DZone.
{{announcement.body}}
{{announcement.title}}

Welcome to Spring Boot (With Embedded Tomcat Features)

DZone's Guide to

Welcome to Spring Boot (With Embedded Tomcat Features)

Spring Boot, Maven, and Tomcat can form a powerful alliance. This sample web app shows the interplay between them and how you can easily configure them for your needs.

· Java Zone
Free Resource

Just released, a free O’Reilly book on Reactive Microsystems: The Evolution of Microservices at Scale. Brought to you in partnership with Lightbend.

In this post, we will be developing a sample Spring MVC app with embedded Tomcat features provided by Spring Boot using Maven. The source code can be downloaded right here.

Environment Setup

  1. JDK 8

  2. Spring Boot

  3. Intellij IDEA/Eclipse

  4. Maven

Maven Dependencies

  • spring-boot-starter-parent: provides useful Maven defaults. It also provides a dependency-management section so that you can omit version tags for existing dependencies.

  • spring-boot-starter-web: includes all the dependencies required to create a web app. This will avoid lining up different spring common project versions.

  • spring-boot-starter-tomcat: enable an embedded Apache Tomcat 7 instance, by default. We have overriden this by defining our version. This can be also marked as provided if you wish to deploy the war to any other standalone tomcat.

  • tomcat-embed-jasper: provides support for .jsp file rendering.

<parent>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
<version>1.3.3.RELEASE</version>
</parent>

<dependencies>
<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-tomcat</artifactId>
<!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
<artifactId>jstl</artifactId>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>org.apache.tomcat.embed</groupId>
<artifactId>tomcat-embed-jasper</artifactId>
<!--<scope>provided</scope>-->
</dependency>
</dependencies>


Spring Bean Configuration

SpringBootServletInitializer enables the process used in Servlet 3.0 using web.xml
EnableAutoConfiguration. This will help Spring Boot to automatically identify how to configure Spring, based on the JAR dependencies that we have added. Since spring-boot-starter-web added Tomcat and Spring MVC, the auto-configuration will assume that we are developing a web application and setup Spring accordingly.

@Configuration
@ComponentScan(basePackages = "com.developerstack")
@Import({BeanConfig.class, WebConfig.class})
@EnableAutoConfiguration
public class Application extends SpringBootServletInitializer {

private static Class applicationClass = Application.class;

public static void main(String[] args) {
SpringApplication.run(Application.class, args);
}

@Override
protected SpringApplicationBuilder configure(SpringApplicationBuilder application) {
return application.sources(applicationClass);
}

}


The following configuration is responsible for initializing a Spring-based web application. We have implemented WebApplicationInitializer.java to configure the ServletContext programmatically.

public class ApplicationInitializer implements WebApplicationInitializer {

    public void onStartup(ServletContext container) throws ServletException {

        AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext ctx = new AnnotationConfigWebApplicationContext();
        ctx.setServletContext(container);
        ServletRegistration.Dynamic servlet = container.addServlet("dispatcher", new DispatcherServlet(ctx));
        servlet.setLoadOnStartup(1);
        servlet.addMapping("/");
    }
}


By default, Spring Boot will serve static content from a directory called /static (or /public or /resources or /META-INF/resources) in the classpath or from the root of the ServletContext. But here we, have defined out custom folder structure for static contents, hence it is required to tell Spring boot about how to render static content.

@Configuration
public class WebConfig extends WebMvcConfigurerAdapter {

    @Override
    public void addResourceHandlers(final ResourceHandlerRegistry registry) {
        registry.addResourceHandler("/*.js/**").addResourceLocations("/ui/static/");
        registry.addResourceHandler("/*.css/**").addResourceLocations("/ui/static/");
    }

}


Now let's define our controller that will serve the response to the client. Here we have hardcoded some user details.

@Controller
public class DashboardController {

    @RequestMapping(value = "/dashboard", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public ModelAndView dashboard() {
        ModelAndView model = new ModelAndView();
        model.addObject("users", getUsers());
        model.setViewName("dashboard");
        return model;
    }

    private List getUsers() {
        User user = new User();
        user.setEmail("johndoe123@gmail.com");
        user.setName("John Doe");
        user.setAddress("Bangalore, Karnataka");
        User user1 = new User();
        user1.setEmail("amitsingh@yahoo.com");
        user1.setName("Amit Singh");
        user1.setAddress("Chennai, Tamilnadu");
        User user2 = new User();
        user2.setEmail("bipulkumar@gmail.com");
        user2.setName("Bipul Kumar");
        user2.setAddress("Bangalore, Karnataka");
        User user3 = new User();
        user3.setEmail("prakashranjan@gmail.com");
        user3.setName("Prakash Ranjan");
        user3.setAddress("Chennai, Tamilnadu");
        return Arrays.asList(user, user1, user2, user3);
    }

}


Client Side

At the client side, there will be a traditional JSP page, which will show the model object using JSTL.

Run Application

There are two ways with which we can run this application.

  1. Either we can define the scope of spring-boot-starter-tomcat as provided and create a .war file with a Maven command and deploy it to a standalone Tomcat or run Application.java as a java application.

  2. Use the URL as http://localhost:8080/dashboard. This will execute the dashboard() method and dashboard.jsp page will be displayed as below:Result

Strategies and techniques for building scalable and resilient microservices to refactor a monolithic application step-by-step, a free O'Reilly book. Brought to you in partnership with Lightbend.

Topics:
spring boot ,tomcat 8 ,maven ,java ,tutorial

Published at DZone with permission of Dhiraj Ray. See the original article here.

Opinions expressed by DZone contributors are their own.

{{ parent.title || parent.header.title}}

{{ parent.tldr }}

{{ parent.urlSource.name }}